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Author: Barnes, Andrew James
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Barnes, Andrew James
From Happy Hour to Rush Hour: Effects of At-Risk Drinking on Labor Market Outcomes Among Mid-Career Men and Women
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2011
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Benefits, Fringe; Earnings; Labor Market Outcomes; Time Preference; Wage Rates; Work Hours/Schedule

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation adds to the alcohol and labor literature by investigating both the potential mechanisms outlined above along with their resulting policy implications. This work also attempts to address gaps in our knowledge of the relationship between at-risk and labor market outcomes, by focusing on a U.S. representative sample of mid-career men and women, adding controls for potentially important confounders (e.g. time preference and risk aversion) not addressed in past work, and testing the sensitivity of the association of at-risk drinking with labor market outcomes to endogeneity. In addition, this dissertation also defines at-risk drinking according the NIAAA's Clinician's Guide to improve translation of study findings for policymakers and clinicians. The labor market outcomes examined include wage rates, work hours, total earnings, occupational attributes (i.e., physical exposure, job autonomy, and social engagement), receipt of a variety of fringe benefits, and total hourly compensation (i.e. wage rate plus the hourly value of the benefits received).
Bibliography Citation
Barnes, Andrew James. From Happy Hour to Rush Hour: Effects of At-Risk Drinking on Labor Market Outcomes Among Mid-Career Men and Women. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 2011.
2. Barnes, Andrew James
Zimmerman, Frederick J.
Associations of Occupational Attributes and Excessive Drinking
Social Science and Medicine 92 (September 2013): 35-42.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Gender Differences; Job Characteristics; Occupational Information Network (O*NET); Occupations

Numerous work-related drinking mechanisms have been posited and, oftentimes, examined in isolation. We combined data from over 100 occupational attributes into several factors and tested the association of these factors with measures of alcohol use. We used the NLSY79 2006 wave, a U.S. representative sample of 6,426 workers ages 41 to 49 and the 2006 Occupational Information Network database (O*NET), a nationally representative sample of nearly 1,000 occupations. We conducted exploratory factor analysis on 119 occupational attributes and found three independent workplace characteristics – physical demands, job autonomy, and social engagement - explained the majority of the variation. We then tested the association of these composite attributes with three drinking measures, before and after adjusting for gender, race/ethnicity, and a measure of human capital using count data models. We then stratified by gender and repeated our analyses. Men working in occupations with a one standard deviation higher level of physical demand (e.g. construction) reported a higher number of heavy drinking occasions (+20%, p<0.05). Job autonomy was not significantly associated with measures of alcohol use and when the combined association of higher levels of physical demand and lower levels of job autonomy was examined, modest support for job strain as a mechanism for work-related alcohol consumption was found. In our pooled sample, working in occupations with one standard deviation higher levels of social engagement was associated with lower numbers of drinking days (-9%, p<0.05) after adjustment. Physical demand and social engagement were associated with alcohol consumption measures but these relationships varied by workers’ gender. Future areas of research should include confirmatory analyses using other waves of O*Net data and replicating the current analysis in other samples of workers. If our results are validated, they suggest male workers in high physical demand occupations could be targets for intervention.
Bibliography Citation
Barnes, Andrew James and Frederick J. Zimmerman. "Associations of Occupational Attributes and Excessive Drinking." Social Science and Medicine 92 (September 2013): 35-42.