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Author: Boynton-Jarrett, Renée
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Boynton-Jarrett, Renée
Hair, Elizabeth Catherine
Zuckerman, Barry
Turbulent Times: Effects of Turbulence and Violence Exposure in Adolescence on High School Completion, Health Risk Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Adulthood
Social Science and Medicine 95 (October 2013): 77-86.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953612006703
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Family Structure; Health, Mental; High School Completion/Graduates; Home Environment; Life Course; Mobility, Residential; Risk-Taking; Social Environment; Turbulence

Turbulent social environments are associated with health and developmental risk, yet mechanisms have been understudied. Guided by a life course framework and stress theory, this study examined the association between turbulent life transitions (including frequent residential mobility, school transitions, family structure disruptions, and homelessness) and exposure to violence during adolescence and high school completion, mental health, and health risk behaviors in young adulthood. Participants (n = 4834) from the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 cohort were followed prospectively from age 12–14 years for 10 years. We used structural equation models to investigate pathways between turbulence and cumulative exposure to violence (CEV), and high school completion, mental health, and health risk behaviors, while accounting for early life socio-demographics, family processes, and individual characteristics. Results indicated that turbulence index was associated with cumulative exposure to violence in adolescence. Both turbulence index and cumulative exposure to violence were positively associated with higher health risk behavior, poorer mental health, and inversely associated with high school completion. These findings highlight the importance of considering the cumulative impact of turbulent and adverse social environments when developing interventions to optimize health and developmental trajectory for adolescents transitioning into adulthood.
Bibliography Citation
Boynton-Jarrett, Renée, Elizabeth Catherine Hair and Barry Zuckerman. "Turbulent Times: Effects of Turbulence and Violence Exposure in Adolescence on High School Completion, Health Risk Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Adulthood." Social Science and Medicine 95 (October 2013): 77-86.
2. Boynton-Jarrett, Renée
Ryan, Louise M.
Berkman, Lisa F.
Wright, Rosalind J.
Cumulative Violence Exposure and Self-Rated Health: Longitudinal Study of Adolescents in the United States
Pediatrics 122,5 (November 2008): 961-970.
Also: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/122/5/961
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Keyword(s): Behavior, Violent; Bullying/Victimization; Depression (see also CESD); Health, Mental; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Self-Reporting; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

OBJECTIVE. The goal was to determine whether cumulative exposure to violence in childhood and adolescence contributes to disparities in self-rated health among a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. METHODS. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 is an ongoing, 8-year (1997-2004), longitudinal, cohort study of youths who were 12 to 18 years of age at baseline (N = 8224). Generalized estimating equations were constructed to investigate the relationship between cumulative exposure to violence and risk for poor health. RESULTS. At baseline, 75% of subjects reported excellent or very good health, 21.5% reported good health, and 4.5% reported fair or poor health. Cumulative violence exposures (witnessed gun violence, threat of violence, repeated bullying, perceived safety, and criminal victimization) were associated with a graded increase in risk for poor health and reduced the strength of the relationship between household income and poor health. In comparison with subjects with no violence exposure, risk for poor self-rated health was 4.6 times greater among subjects who reported ≥5 forms of cumulative exposure to violence, controlling for demographic features and household income. Trend analysis revealed that, for each additional violence exposure, the risk of poor health increased by 38%. Adjustment for alcohol use, drug use, smoking, depressive symptoms, and family and neighborhood environment reduced the strength of the relationships between household income and cumulative exposure to violence scores and poor self-rated health, which suggests partial mediation of the effects of socioeconomic status and cumulative exposure to violence by these factors. CONCLUSIONS. In this nationally representative sample, social inequality in risk for poor self-rated health during the transition from adolescence to adulthood was partially attributable to disparities in cumulative exposure to violence. A strong graded association was noted between... [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Bibliography Citation
Boynton-Jarrett, Renée, Louise M. Ryan, Lisa F. Berkman and Rosalind J. Wright. "Cumulative Violence Exposure and Self-Rated Health: Longitudinal Study of Adolescents in the United States." Pediatrics 122,5 (November 2008): 961-970.
3. Heymann, S. Jody
Boynton-Jarrett, Renée
Carter, Patricia
Bond, James T.
Galinsky, Ellen
Work-Family Issues and Low-Income Families: Making Work Pay in the Low-Income Labor Market
Ford Foundation Report, An Economy That Works, Douglas Gould & Co., Inc, Summer 2002.
Also: http://www.economythatworks.com/reports/ford_analysisfinal.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Ford Foundation
Keyword(s): Benefits; Child Care; Child Health; Family Income; Income; Leave, Family or Maternity/Paternity; Mid-Life in the United States (MIDUS); National Study of the Changing Workforce (NSCW); Transition, Welfare to Work; Wage Levels; Wages, Women

Permission to reprint the abstract has been denied by the publisher.

Bibliography Citation
Heymann, S. Jody, Renée Boynton-Jarrett, Patricia Carter, James T. Bond and Ellen Galinsky. "Work-Family Issues and Low-Income Families: Making Work Pay in the Low-Income Labor Market." Ford Foundation Report, An Economy That Works, Douglas Gould & Co., Inc, Summer 2002.