Search Results

Author: Cannonier, Colin
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Altindag, Duha
Cannonier, Colin
Mocan, Naci
The Impact of Education on Health Knowledge
Economics of Education Review 30,5 (October 2011): 792-812.
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; College Education; Educational Attainment; Health Factors; High School Completion/Graduates; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Scale Construction

The theory on the demand for health suggests that schooling causes health because schooling increases the efficiency of health production. Alternatively, the allocative efficiency hypothesis argues that schooling alters the input mix chosen to produce health. This suggests that the more educated have more knowledge about the health production function and they have more health knowledge. This paper uses data from the 1997 and 2002 waves of the NLSY97 to conduct an investigation of the allocative efficiency hypothesis by analyzing whether education improves health knowledge. The survey design allows us to observe the increase in health knowledge of young adults after their level of schooling is increased by differential and plausibly exogenous amounts. Using nine different questions measuring health knowledge, we find weak evidence that an increase in education generates an improvement in health knowledge for those who ultimately attend college. For those with high school as the terminal degree, no relationship is found between education and health knowledge. These results imply that the allocative efficiency hypothesis may not be the primary reason for why schooling impacts health outcomes.
Bibliography Citation
Altindag, Duha, Colin Cannonier and Naci Mocan. "The Impact of Education on Health Knowledge." Economics of Education Review 30,5 (October 2011): 792-812.
2. Cannonier, Colin
Does the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Increase Fertility Behavior?
Journal of Labor Research 35,2 (June 2014): 105-132.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Birth Outcomes; Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA); Fertility; First Birth; Leave, Family or Maternity/Paternity; Maternal Employment; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), implemented in August 1993, grants job-protected leave to any employee satisfying the eligibility criteria. One of the provisions of the FMLA is to allow women to stay at home for a maximum period of 12 weeks to give care to the newborn. The effect of this legislation on the fertility response of eligible women has received little attention by researchers. This study analyzes whether the FMLA has influenced birth outcomes in the U.S. Specifically, I evaluate the effect of the FMLA by comparing the changes in the birth hazard profiles of women who became eligible for FMLA benefits such as maternity leave, to the changes in the control group who were not eligible for such leave. Using a discrete-time hazard model, results from the difference-in-differences estimation indicate that eligible women increase the probability of having a first and second birth by about 1.5 and 0.6 % per annum, respectively. Compared to other women, eligible women are giving birth to the first child a year earlier and about 8.5 months earlier for the second child.
Bibliography Citation
Cannonier, Colin. "Does the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Increase Fertility Behavior?" Journal of Labor Research 35,2 (June 2014): 105-132.