Search Results

Author: Dechter, Evgenia
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Castex, Gonzalo
Dechter, Evgenia
The Changing Roles of Education and Ability in Wage Determination
Presented: Chicago IL, American Economic Association Annual Meeting, January 2012
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: American Economic Association
Keyword(s): Cognitive Ability; Education; Educational Returns; Technology/Technological Changes; Wage Determination; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study examines changes in returns to formal education and cognitive ability over the last 20 years using the 1979 and 1997 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We show that cognitive skills had a substantially larger impact on wages in the 1980s than in the 2000s. Returns to education were higher in the 2000s. These developments are not explained by changing distributions of workers’ observable characteristics or by changing labor market structure. We show that the decline in returns to ability can be attributed to differences in the growth rate of technology between the 1980s and 2000s.
Bibliography Citation
Castex, Gonzalo and Evgenia Dechter. "The Changing Roles of Education and Ability in Wage Determination." Presented: Chicago IL, American Economic Association Annual Meeting, January 2012.
2. Castex, Gonzalo
Dechter, Evgenia
The Changing Roles of Education and Ability in Wage Determination
Journal of Labor Economics 32,4 (October 2014): 645-684.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/673392
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Cognitive Ability; Educational Attainment; Educational Returns; Technology/Technological Changes; Wage Determination; Wages

This study examines changes in returns to formal education and cognitive skills over the past 20 years using the 1979 and 1997 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We show that cognitive skills had a 30%-50% larger effect on wages in the 1980s than in the 2000s. Returns to education were higher in the 2000s. These developments are not explained by changing distributions of workers' observable characteristics or by changing labor market structure. We show that the decline in returns to ability can be attributed to differences in the growth rate of technology between the 1980s and 2000s.
Bibliography Citation
Castex, Gonzalo and Evgenia Dechter. "The Changing Roles of Education and Ability in Wage Determination." Journal of Labor Economics 32,4 (October 2014): 645-684.
3. Dechter, Evgenia
Physical Appearance and Earnings, Hair Color Matters
Labour Economics 32 (January 2015): 15-26.
Also: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927537114001432
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Earnings; Labor Market Outcomes; Physical Characteristics; Work Experience

This study examines the relationship between physical appearance and labor market outcomes. It focuses on hair color and addresses the effects of the "blonde myth", a series of perceptions about personality characteristics of blonde women. Inexperienced blonde women earn significantly less than their non-blonde counterparts. This wage gap declines over time, and blonde women with more work experience earn higher wages. The relationship between earnings and hair color is not explained by personal or family characteristics. I argue that employer or customer tastes drive the initial blonde hair penalty; job sorting and mobility allow blonde women to close the gap.
Bibliography Citation
Dechter, Evgenia. "Physical Appearance and Earnings, Hair Color Matters." Labour Economics 32 (January 2015): 15-26.