Search Results

Author: Dugan, Jerome A.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Oddo, Vanessa M.
Zhuang, Castiel Chen
Dugan, Jerome A.
Andrea, Sarah B.
Hajat, Anjum
Peckham, Trevor
Jones-Smith, Jessica C.
Association between Precarious Employment and BMI in the United States
Obesity published online (21 December 2022): DOI: 10.1002/oby.23591.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Body Mass Index (BMI); Employment, Intermittent/Precarious

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: There is growing recognition that precarious employment is an important determinant of health, which may increase BMI through multiple mechanisms, including stress. It was investigated whether increases in precarious employment were associated with changes in BMI in the United States.

Methods: Data were from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth adult cohort (1996-2016) (N = 7280). Thirteen indicators were identified to operationalize seven dimensions of precarious employment (range: 0-7, 7 indicating most precarious): material rewards, working-time arrangements, stability, workers' rights, collective organization, interpersonal relationships, and training. The precarious employment-BMI association was estimated using linear regression models and an instrumental variables approach; state- and individual-level firm sizes were the instruments for precarious employment. Models also included individual and year fixed effects and controlled for age, marital status, education, region, and industry.

Results: The average precarious employment score (PES) was 3.49 (95% CI: 3.46–3.52). The PES was the highest among Hispanic (4.04; 95% CI: 3.92-4.15) and non-Hispanic Black (4.02; 95% CI: 3.92-4.12) women with lower education. A 1-point increase in the PES was associated with a 2.18-point increase in BMI (95% CI: 0.30-4.01).

Bibliography Citation
Oddo, Vanessa M., Castiel Chen Zhuang, Jerome A. Dugan, Sarah B. Andrea, Anjum Hajat, Trevor Peckham and Jessica C. Jones-Smith. "Association between Precarious Employment and BMI in the United States." Obesity published online (21 December 2022): DOI: 10.1002/oby.23591.