Search Results

Author: Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A.
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Dooley, David
Prause, JoAnn
Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A.
Underemployment and Depression: Longitudinal Relationships
Journal of Health and Social Behavior 41,4 (December 2000): 421-436.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2676295
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Depression (see also CESD); Education; Employment, Part-Time; Health, Mental; Income; Job Satisfaction; Marital Status; Part-Time Work; Underemployment; Unemployment; Wage Rates

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We conceptualize employment status not as a dichotomy of working versus not working but as a continuum ranging from adequate employment to inadequate employment (involuntary part-time or low wage) to unemployment. Will shifts from adequate to inadequate employment increase depression as do shifts from employment to unemployment, and to what extent does prior depression select workers into such adverse employment change? We analyze panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth for the years 1992-1994 for the 5,113 respondents who were adequately employed in 1992. Controlling for prior depression, both types of adverse employment change resulted in similar significant increases in depression. These direct effects persisted despite inclusion of such potential mediators as changes in income, job satisfaction, and marital status. Marital status buffered the depressive effect of both types of adverse change, but education and job dissatisfaction amplified the effect of unemployment on depression. Prior depression did not predict higher risk of becoming inadequately employed but did predict increased risk of unemployment, particularly for those with less education. These results confirm that both unemployment and inadequate employment affect mental health, and they invite greater efforts to monitor the extent and impact of underemployment.
Bibliography Citation
Dooley, David, JoAnn Prause and Kathleen A. Ham-Rowbottom. "Underemployment and Depression: Longitudinal Relationships." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 41,4 (December 2000): 421-436.
2. Dooley, David
Prause, JoAnn
Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A.
Emptage, Nicholas P.
Age of Alcohol Drinking Onset Precursors and the Mediation of Alcohol Disorder
Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 15,2 (January 2006): 19-37.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J029v15n02_02
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Crime; Depression (see also CESD); Family History; Family Structure; Hispanics; Self-Esteem

This study explored early alcohol drinking onset (ADO), its precursors, and the mechanisms by which it leads to later alcohol disorder. Data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth with ADO items from 1982 and 1983, and alcohol symptoms from 1989 and 1994. Drinking began earlier for respondents who were male, younger, non-Hispanic, non-African-American, and later born, and for those not living with both parents at age 14, ever charged with an illegal act, and with a family history of alcohol problems, lower academic aptitude, or less frequent religious attendance (n = 8165). Early ADO predicted 1994 abuse and dependence even after controlling for such potential mediators as 1987 self-esteem, 1989 alcohol disorder, and 1992 depression (n = 5643).
Bibliography Citation
Dooley, David, JoAnn Prause, Kathleen A. Ham-Rowbottom and Nicholas P. Emptage. "Age of Alcohol Drinking Onset Precursors and the Mediation of Alcohol Disorder." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 15,2 (January 2006): 19-37.
3. Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A.
Emptage, Nicholas P.
Prause, JoAnn
Dooley, David
Symptomatic Repercussions of Early Drinking Onset: Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
Presented: Irvine, CA, Western Psychological Association Convention, April 2002
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Western Psychological Association
Keyword(s): Adolescent Behavior; Alcohol Use

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Early drinking onset is often associated with problematic drinking behaviors later in life, but whether this connection is spurious or causal remains unclear. We address this problem using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), a panel that when 18 - 25 years old retrospectively reported drinking onset (often when they were early adolescents or children). Seven years later, DSM-IV criteria were used to characterize problematic drinking in this panel. Respondents were 29 - 37 years old in 1994 when information on alcohol symptoms was acquired (n=5,656). NLSY items that were comparable to the alcohol abuse and dependence symptom criteria in the DSM-IV were matched to the symptom criteria for these disorders.

The odds of developing symptoms of alcohol abuse or dependence were assessed for respondents who reported early alcohol drinking onset (ADO) in both of two early drinking groups (prior to 14 years-old and between 15-16 years-old), controlling for potential confounding variables (e.g., family history of alcoholism). In an attempt to identify the mechanism by which early ADO influences later alcohol disorder, we also investigated potential mediating variables (e.g., years of education, mental health indicators).

Multinomial logistic regression analyses revealed that controlling both confounding and mediating variables, early ADO remained significantly associated with the risk of both alcohol dependence and abuse. Relative to respondents 17 years old or older, the odds of alcohol abuse or dependence were two to two-and-a-half times greater for ADO of 14 years old or younger. The odds of alcohol dependence were greater for those ever charged with an illegal act, for increased depression, and for a family history of alcoholism. The odds of alcohol dependence fell with additional children in the household, with increases in education, and with increases in self-esteem

One implication of this research is to raise questions about the reliab ility of retrospective recall of ADO and to suggest inquiring earlier when young people are nearer in age to their actual ADO. Another preliminary implication is to support interventions targeted at delaying ADO as a means of preventing adult alcohol disorder.

Bibliography Citation
Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A., Nicholas P. Emptage, JoAnn Prause and David Dooley. "Symptomatic Repercussions of Early Drinking Onset: Alcohol Abuse and Dependence." Presented: Irvine, CA, Western Psychological Association Convention, April 2002.
4. Prause, JoAnn
Dooley, David
Ham-Rowbottom, Kathleen A.
Emptage, Nicholas P.
Alcohol Drinking Onset: A Reliability Study
Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 16,4 (Summer 2007): 79-90.
Also: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J029v16n04_05
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Haworth Press, Inc.
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Behavioral Differences; Children; Family Influences; Self-Reporting; Substance Use

Early alcohol drinking onset (ADO) is associated with adult alcohol misuse, but the accuracy of ADO is unclear. Reliability of self-reported ADO was studied in two panels of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. For the Adult sample (n = 6,215), the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was .36. Older respondents had higher reliabilities and reported later ADO than younger ones. In the Child/ Young Adult sample, reliability varied from .19 for children 11 and 13 years old to .29 for children 12 and 14 years old. These low reliabilities and the age effect in reported ADO may affect epidemiologic research and interventions using this variable. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Copyright of Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse is the property of Haworth and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts)

Bibliography Citation
Prause, JoAnn, David Dooley, Kathleen A. Ham-Rowbottom and Nicholas P. Emptage. "Alcohol Drinking Onset: A Reliability Study." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 16,4 (Summer 2007): 79-90.