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Author: Kaduk, Anne
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Kaduk, Anne
Move Up or Move Back? The Impact of Nonemployment Duration and Reason on Women's Wages and Work Hours at Workforce Reentry
Presented: Chicago IL, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2017
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Exits; Re-employment; Wages; Women; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the extent to which women's work hours and hourly wages change upon re-employment after a period of non-employment and whether women's reasons for job exit predict such changes in work hours and wages. Beyond whether young to middle-age women return to the labor force (considered in previous work), examining the job conditions women attain upon return and the differences in their new jobs compared to the jobs they left provides insight into broad labor force inequalities in the US, including gender inequality. This paper uses data on around 10,000 person-spells of non-employment lasting two months or more in the NLSY79 to examine these aspects of women's employment. Analysis shows that many women return to fewer hours than the job they left, but mean wages largely do not change. Differences by education, reason for leaving last job, and family status are evident.
Bibliography Citation
Kaduk, Anne. "Move Up or Move Back? The Impact of Nonemployment Duration and Reason on Women's Wages and Work Hours at Workforce Reentry." Presented: Chicago IL, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2017.
2. Kaduk, Anne
Multiple Agendas? How Women's Reasons for Employment Exits Affect Their Return to Work
Presented: San Diego CA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April-May 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Labor Force Participation; Motherhood; Work Reentry

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines how women’s reasons for job exit, motherhood status, and education affect the probability and timing of their return to work. Women’s exits have been studied widely, yet little is known about who returns to work. But returning to work likely has important consequences for the well-being of women and their families. Using data on 8,843 person-spells of non-employment lasting three months or more in the NLSY79, I find that most women who experience a spell of non-employment eventually return to work, but the timing varies. Women with any college are more likely to return to employment quickly than those with twelve years or less of completed education if they left via job displacement or other involuntary job loss, but they spend more time not employed if they left because of a new child. New mothers remain non-employed longer than other groups, regardless of reason for exit.
Bibliography Citation
Kaduk, Anne. "Multiple Agendas? How Women's Reasons for Employment Exits Affect Their Return to Work." Presented: San Diego CA, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April-May 2015.
3. Kaduk, Anne
Step Up or Step Back? The Impact of Non-Employment Duration and Reason on Women's Workforce Reentry
Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Occupational Choice; Occupations, Female; Re-employment; Unemployment; Work Reentry

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the extent to which women change occupations and/or industry when seeking re-employment after a period of non-employment and whether women's reasons for job exit predict such changes in occupation and/or industry. Beyond whether young to middle-age women return to the labor force (considered in a previous paper), examining the types of jobs women attain upon return and the differences in their new jobs compared to the jobs they left will provide insight into broad labor force inequalities in the US, including gender inequality. This paper will use data on around 9,000 person-spells of non-employment lasting three months or more in the NLSY79 to examine these aspects of women's employment. I expect that such women will move out of more prestigious, perhaps better compensated, occupations and industries and into less advantaged areas where they are able to attain employment after being non-employed for a period of time.
Bibliography Citation
Kaduk, Anne. "Step Up or Step Back? The Impact of Non-Employment Duration and Reason on Women's Workforce Reentry." Presented: Washington DC, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, March-April 2016.