Search Results

Author: Kim, Kiweon
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Kim, Kiweon
The Effect of Poverty on Children's Academic Performance
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas at Dallas, 1992
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Birthweight; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Medicaid/Medicare; Mothers, Health; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Poverty; Pre-natal Care/Exposure; Pre/post Natal Behavior; Pre/post Natal Health Care; Racial Differences; Test Scores/Test theory/IRT; Welfare

Today's high poverty rate for children makes us think about its negative effects on our society. One such effect is on the children's academic performance. This study investigates how poverty spells affect children's academic achievement. Previous studies have found an adverse effect of low birth weight on children's academic achievement. For home environment, studies generally find a positive association between the quality of the home environment and children's academic outcomes. Transactional theory argues that home environment interacts with physical insults as they affect academic performance. For this study, 1988 NLSY Merged Child-Mother Data are used. By using key linkage variables, a child's ID number and a mother's ID number, two data sets are merged and the inter-generational effects are studied. Variables included are PIAT reading, mathematics test scores in 1988, poverty spells, prenatal maternal health and habits, physical insults, home environment,program participation, children's academic achievement, child's age, sex of the child, residence, spouse presence, mother's AFQT score, mother's highest grade completed, and spouse's highest grade completed.
Bibliography Citation
Kim, Kiweon. The Effect of Poverty on Children's Academic Performance. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas at Dallas, 1992.