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Author: Kofman, Yelizavetta
Resulting in 3 citations.
1. Kofman, Yelizavetta
Hidden Social Costs of Precarious Employment: Marriage Formation in a Period of Rising Precarity
Presented: San Francisco CA, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2014
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Benefits, Fringe; Employment; Gender Differences; Job Characteristics; Job Tenure; Marriage

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The transition to adulthood has become increasingly prolonged since the late 1970s. Despite widespread public and scientific concern, the exact mechanisms that delay the transition to adulthood are largely unknown. This paper argues that part of the answer lies in examining another key contemporary trend: the rise of precarious employment since the 1970s and the attendant increase in uncertainty and risk for workers. I examine the effects of precarious employment (i.e. jobs with a nonstandard employment relationship, short tenure, and/or lack of benefits) on first marriage, one traditional marker of adulthood. Using data from the NLSY97, I find that the odds of having a first marriage are reduced for women (but not men) that have a nonstandard job or a job with short tenure. Further, having a job that lacks health insurance and retirement benefits reduces the odds of first marriage for both men and women. More work on disentangling the causal effects and mechanisms of precarious employment are necessary as this phenomenon continues to grow.
Bibliography Citation
Kofman, Yelizavetta. "Hidden Social Costs of Precarious Employment: Marriage Formation in a Period of Rising Precarity." Presented: San Francisco CA, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2014.
2. Kofman, Yelizavetta
Life on a Tightrope: The Role of Precarious Employment on Moving Back Home
Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Sociological Association
Keyword(s): Employment, Intermittent; Propensity Scores; Residence, Return to Parental Home/Delayed Homeleaving; Transition, Adulthood

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

While there is increasing scholarly and public interest in precarious employment--jobs that entail a nonstandard contract, are short term, and/or do not provide fringe benefits--few studies have considered the effects of such employment beyond the workplace. I use panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (N=6650), and event history and propensity score matching methods, to examine the effect of precarious employment on home return and home leaving during young adulthood (age 25-30). Among young adults that have completed their education, had at least one job spell and one spell of living independently, I find significant negative effects of having a nonstandard contract job and of having a short term job on the probability of moving back home. On the other hand, having a job that provides health insurance and having a job with employer-provided retirement savings has a significant positive effect on leaving the parental home after a spell of living at home. This research suggests that it is not only earnings (which I adjust for in all models) that are important factors shaping young adults' transition to independent living; rather, the uncertainty involved in precarious employment may force young adults to rely on their parents as a safety net well into their late 20s.
Bibliography Citation
Kofman, Yelizavetta. "Life on a Tightrope: The Role of Precarious Employment on Moving Back Home." Presented: Chicago IL, American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, August 2015.
3. Kofman, Yelizavetta
The Hidden Social Costs of Precarious Employment: Parental Co-Residence, Marriage Timing, and Political Participation During Young Adulthood
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, 2015
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles
Keyword(s): Employment, Intermittent; Marital Status; Political Attitudes/Behaviors/Efficacy; Residence, Return to Parental Home/Delayed Homeleaving

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Precarious employment--that is, jobs that entail a nonstandard contract, are short term, and/or do not provide fringe benefits like health insurance and retirement savings--has become a widely discussed topic in the media and a key research topic among scholars. Despite increasing scholarly and public interest in precarious employment, however, few studies have considered the effects of such employment beyond typical work and career outcomes. Using longitudinal panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, this study examines the effect of precarious employment on the social and political lives of contemporary young adults.
Bibliography Citation
Kofman, Yelizavetta. The Hidden Social Costs of Precarious Employment: Parental Co-Residence, Marriage Timing, and Political Participation During Young Adulthood. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, 2015.