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Author: Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
Resulting in 6 citations.
1. Boardman, Jason D.
Powers, Daniel A.
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
Hummer, Robert A.
Low Birth Weight, Social Factors, and Developmental Outcomes Among Children in the United States
Demography 39,2 (May 2002): 353-368.
Also: http://www.springerlink.com/content/p451770226375195/
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Birth Outcomes; Birthweight; Cognitive Development; Ethnic Groups/Ethnicity; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Marital Status; Modeling, Multilevel; Mothers, Education; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Poverty; Racial Differences; Socioeconomic Factors; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We used six waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child Data (1986-1996) to assess the relative impact of adverse birth outcomes vis-a-vis social risk factors on children's developmental outcomes. Using the Peabody Individual Achievement Tests of Mathematics and Reading Recognition as our outcome variables, we also evaluated the dynamic nature of biological and social risk factors from ages 6 to 14. We found the following: (1) birth weight is significantly related to developmental outcomes, net of important social and economic controls; (2) the effect associated with adverse birth outcomes is significantly more pronounced at very low birth weights (< 1,500 grams) than at moderately low birth weights (1,500-2,499 grams); (3) whereas the relative effect of very low-birth-weight status is large, the effect of moderately low weight status, when compared with race/ethnicity and mother's education, is small; and (4) the observed differentials between moderately low-birth-weight and normal-birth-weight children are substantially smaller among older children in comparison with younger children.
Bibliography Citation
Boardman, Jason D., Daniel A. Powers, Yolanda Chavez Padilla and Robert A. Hummer. "Low Birth Weight, Social Factors, and Developmental Outcomes Among Children in the United States." Demography 39,2 (May 2002): 353-368.
2. Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
Determinants of Hispanic Poverty in the Course of the Transition to Adulthood
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 19,4 (November 1997): 416-432.
Also: http://hjb.sagepub.com/content/19/4/416.abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Family Background; Hispanic Studies; Migration; Migration Patterns; Poverty

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Examines the conditions during the transition to adulthood that affect the probability of poverty among Hispanics. Data from the 1988 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth show that factors associated with the socioeconomic resources of the family of origin & individual aptitude at the adolescent state, as well as educational & migration decisions made in the course of transition to adulthood, influence the risk of falling into poverty in young adulthood. On the other hand, although adolescent background is important, the unique placement of young adults in the current labor market also structures their poverty outcomes. 4 Tables, 30 References. Adapted from the source document.
Bibliography Citation
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez. "Determinants of Hispanic Poverty in the Course of the Transition to Adulthood." Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 19,4 (November 1997): 416-432.
3. Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
The Effect of Geographic Mobility on the Socioeconomic Achievement of Young Hispanic Men
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1993.
Also: http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/dis/infoserv/catalog/detail/106287
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Demography; Educational Attainment; Family Background; Family Income; Hispanics; Life Cycle Research; Mobility; Mobility, Social; Poverty; Welfare

This study examines Hispanic geographic mobility in the context of the socioeconomic life cycle. It incorporates rich information on family background and examines its effects on geographic mobility and social mobility as well as on socioeconomic achievement. The objective of the analysis is to expand micro level research on the role of internal migration in improving the economic status of Hispanics. This is done by focusing on how family background conditions the propensity to migrate during young adulthood and in turn how migration decisions affect economic achievement net of the effects of social origins. Data are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience-Youth Cohort.
Bibliography Citation
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez. The Effect of Geographic Mobility on the Socioeconomic Achievement of Young Hispanic Men. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1993..
4. Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
The Influence of Family Background on the Educational Attainment of Latinos
New England Journal of Public Policy 11,2 (Spring-Summer 1996): 25-48
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: John W. McCormack Institute of Public Affairs
Keyword(s): Cognitive Ability; Educational Attainment; Ethnic Groups/Ethnicity; Ethnic Studies; Family Background; Family Income; Family Influences; Fathers, Influence; Hispanics; Siblings

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Examines the family background & late childhood factors influencing the educational attainment of 49 Latino males ages 14-17, drawing on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience - Youth Cohort, 1978-1988. Findings show that family background & resources, ie, father's income & education, number of siblings, educational resources in the home, & national origin, have a strong effect on the total years of schooling completed. However, social psychological attributes, cognitive ability, parental socialization, & time of immigration & generational status have a significant effect on education independent of social origins. Second-generation Latino men achieve greater educational success than immigrants, but third-generation Latino men show a marked lack of progress. Controlling for social origins & generation, it is demonstrated that Puerto Ricans acquire, on average, 1 full year less schooling than men of Mexican origin. Overall, the full model explain s 44% of the variance in the level of educational attainment of young Latino men. 8 Tables. Adapted from the source document. (Copyright 1996, Sociological Abstracts, Inc., all rights reserved.)
Bibliography Citation
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez. "The Influence of Family Background on the Educational Attainment of Latinos ." New England Journal of Public Policy 11,2 (Spring-Summer 1996): 25-48.
5. Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
Boardman, Jason D.
Hummer, Robert A.
Espitia, Marilyn
Is the Mexican American "Epidemiologic Paradox" Advantage at Birth Maintained through Early Childhood?
Social Forces 80,3 (March 2002): 1101-1123.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3086467
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Keyword(s): Birthweight; Child Development; Health Care; Hispanics; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Immigrants; Mothers, Education; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Poverty; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We examine the influence of the relative good health at birth in the Mexican American population on their subsequent well-being. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Child Data (NLSY-CD), we conduct a comparative analysis of child development among Mexican American, non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic white children ages 3 and 4 (N = 3,710). We use the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R) as our operationalization of child development. Descriptive results suggest that, unlike the relative similarity in the rates of low birth weight between the white and Mexican American populations, Mexican Americans have much lower developmental outcomes. Multivariate analysis shows that birth weight is not a powerful predictor of child development, nor does it explain pronounced racial and ethnic differences. Mother's education, poverty, and immigrant status of parents remain significantly more important in the developmental process of all children in our sample.
Bibliography Citation
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez, Jason D. Boardman, Robert A. Hummer and Marilyn Espitia. "Is the Mexican American "Epidemiologic Paradox" Advantage at Birth Maintained through Early Childhood?" Social Forces 80,3 (March 2002): 1101-1123.
6. Santiago, Anna M.
Padilla, Yolanda Chavez
Persistence of Poverty across Generations: A Comparison of Anglos, Blacks, and Latinos
New England Journal of Public Policy 11,1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 117-146
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: John W. McCormack Institute of Public Affairs
Keyword(s): Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC); Ethnic Differences; Ethnic Groups; Family Background; Gender Differences; Minority Groups; Poverty; Public Sector; Racial Differences; Racial Studies; Welfare; Work Experience

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, examines the impact of children growing up in poverty on the probability of their remaining in poverty during young adulthood. Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in patterns of persistent poverty are examined and predictors of poverty status in young adulthood are identified. The results suggest that women, regardless of their race, ethnicity, or adolescent poverty status, and black men who grew up in poverty, are more likely to be poor as young adults than are Anglo men. Logistic regression analyses reveal that in addition to education and work experience, metropolitan unemployment rates were also significant predictors of poverty status for both men and women. Further, while growing up in a poor family for extended periods of time was associated with the increasing probability of being poor for minority men and Anglo women, other family background variables were insignificant predictors of adult pover ty status in all models. 6 Tables, 2 Appendixes. Adapted from the source document. (Copyright 1996, Sociological Abstracts, Inc., all rights reserved.)
Bibliography Citation
Santiago, Anna M. and Yolanda Chavez Padilla. "Persistence of Poverty across Generations: A Comparison of Anglos, Blacks, and Latinos." New England Journal of Public Policy 11,1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 117-146.