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Author: Paek, Eunjeong
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Paek, Eunjeong
Does Overwork Attenuate the Motherhood Earnings Penalty among Full-Time Workers?
Work, Employment and Society published online (6 November 2021): DOI: 10.1177/09500170211041293.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/09500170211041293
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Earnings; Motherhood; Racial Differences; Wage Penalty/Career Penalty; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study examines whether working long hours alters the motherhood earnings penalty in the context of the United States. The author uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-2014) to model the annual earnings penalty mothers incur per child in the United States. The results support that working long hours (50+ hours per week) reduces the negative effect of motherhood on earnings for white women. Once we control for human capital and labour supply, however, there is no difference in the effect of children on earnings between full-time workers and overworkers. For black full-time workers and overworkers, having an additional child has little effect on earnings. The findings suggest that although overwork appears to attenuate the earnings penalty for white mothers, white mothers who work long hours exhibit a smaller penalty because they already have high levels of human capital and supply a great amount of labour.
Bibliography Citation
Paek, Eunjeong. "Does Overwork Attenuate the Motherhood Earnings Penalty among Full-Time Workers?" Work, Employment and Society published online (6 November 2021): DOI: 10.1177/09500170211041293.
2. Paek, Eunjeong
Long Work Hours and the Effect of Motherhood on Earnings
Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Population Association of America
Keyword(s): Maternal Employment; Motherhood; Wage Penalty/Career Penalty; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Studies have found that working long hours can play an important role in gender inequality, but the impact of working long hours on the motherhood penalty remains largely unknown. This study examines whether working long hours alters the motherhood penalty. On the one hand, overwork could have a protective effect on mothers' earnings by signaling work commitment or increasing the autonomy to reduce unpaid work. On the other hand, overwork could exacerbate the motherhood penalty by intensifying work-family conflict or introducing normative discrimination. The author uses the data from the NLSY to model the earnings penalty. The results support that among white women, mothers who work long hours have a lower penalty than full-time workers. Once controlling for human capital and work effort, however, working long hours loses its protective effect. The findings suggest that overwork itself may not be protective, but mothers who work long hours may experience the smaller penalty because of positive selection.
Bibliography Citation
Paek, Eunjeong. "Long Work Hours and the Effect of Motherhood on Earnings." Presented: Austin TX, Population Association of America Annual Meeting, April 2019.