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Author: Park, Misun
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Park, Misun
Essays on the Economics of Fertility
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Kansas, 2022
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Childbearing; Labor Market Outcomes; Marriage; Modeling, Hazard/Event History/Survival/Duration; Underemployment

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This thesis includes three topics: (a) the effects of childbirth subsidy policies on the number of births in South Korea, (b) how a slowdown in retirement affects fertility rates among young adults through the labor market, and (c) how underemployment (i.e., overeducation) affects marriage and childbirth among young adults.

In the third essay, I explored the effect of underemployment--a phenomenon in which 4-year college graduates gain employment in a place that does not require that degree--on marriage and childbirth using the NLSY97. To help explain the link between underemployment and marriage and childbirth, I additionally investigated the factors related to initial underemployment and the effect of underemployment on future labor market outcomes. First, I found that being underemployed at the start of a career highly related to grades and major. Second, I found no evidence that underemployment prevented marriage and childbirth in the short term, both in cross-sectional and panel analyses. Third, through a hazard model analysis, I confirmed that underemployment persistently affected future labor market outcomes for both men and women and that the effect was stronger for men. I also found that, at least for women, underemployment at the beginning of a career negatively related to having a first child. Fourth, with a different measurement method to judge underemployment, I found that underemployed men at a starting point in their career were more likely to remain persistently underemployed but that being underemployed at the start did not relate to marriage or childbirth for men and women.

Bibliography Citation
Park, Misun. Essays on the Economics of Fertility. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Kansas, 2022.