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Author: Reczek, Rin
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Thomeer, Mieke Beth
Reczek, Rin
Ross, Clifford
Childbearing Biographies and Midlife Women's Health
Journal of Aging and Health published online (3 February 2022): DOI: 10.1177/08982643211070136.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/08982643211070136
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Births, Repeat / Spacing; Childbearing; Family Size; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Modeling, Latent Class Analysis/Latent Transition Analysis; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objectives: We introduce a "childbearing biography" approach to show how multiple childbearing characteristics cluster in ways significant for midlife health.

Methods: We analyze the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79; N = 3992) using mixed-mode Latent Class Analysis with eight childbearing variables (e.g., age at first birth, parity, birth spacing, and mistimed births) to identify how childbearing biographies are associated with midlife health, adjusting for key covariates--including socioeconomic status (SES) and relationship history.

Results: We identify six childbearing biographies: (1) early compressed, (2) staggered, (3) extended high parity, (4) later, (5) married planned, and (6) childfree. Childbearing biographies are strongly associated with physical health but not mental health, with differences primarily explained by SES.

Bibliography Citation
Thomeer, Mieke Beth, Rin Reczek and Clifford Ross. "Childbearing Biographies and Midlife Women's Health." Journal of Aging and Health published online (3 February 2022): DOI: 10.1177/08982643211070136.
2. Thomeer, Mieke Beth
Reczek, Rin
Stacey, Lawrence
Childbearing Biographies as a Method to Examine Diversity and Clustering of Childbearing Experiences: A Research Brief
Population Research and Policy Review published online (18 January 2022): DOI: 10.1007/s11113-022-09699-2.
Also: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11113-022-09699-2
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Age at First Birth; Childbearing; Childbearing, Premarital/Nonmarital; Family Size; Heterogeneity; Marital Status

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Due to increasing heterogeneity in if, when, and under what conditions women have children, the timing, spacing, and other demographic aspects of childbearing have drastically changed in the US over the past century. Existing science tends to examine demographic aspects of childbearing separately, creating an incomplete understanding of how childbearing patterns are distributed at the population level. In this research brief, we develop the concept of childbearing biographies to emphasize that multiple childbearing characteristics cluster together. We analyze nationally representative US data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79; N = 4052). Using eight childbearing variables (e.g., age at first birth, number of children, whether unmarried at any birth), we use Mixed-Mode Latent Class Analysis (MM-LCA) and identify five classes, or childbearing biographies: (1) early compressed childbearing, (2) staggered childbearing, (3) extended high-parity childbearing, (4) later childbearing, and (5) married planned childbearing. A childbearing biography approach highlights the increasingly heterogeneous contexts of parenthood today, showing how women with similar characteristics around one aspect of childbearing (e.g., early age at first birth) can also be highly divergent from each other when taking into consideration other childbearing characteristics. In showing this complexity, we highlight that a childbearing biography approach has the potential to shed new light on widening inequality among contemporary midlife women, with implications for aging and population health and well-being.
Bibliography Citation
Thomeer, Mieke Beth, Rin Reczek and Lawrence Stacey. "Childbearing Biographies as a Method to Examine Diversity and Clustering of Childbearing Experiences: A Research Brief." Population Research and Policy Review published online (18 January 2022): DOI: 10.1007/s11113-022-09699-2.