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Author: Steel, Lauri
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Claudy, John G.
Steel, Lauri
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Data
AFHRL Technical Report 90-29, Air Force Human Research Labortory, American Institute for Research, July 1990.
Also: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA225244
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, Training Systems Division
Keyword(s): Aptitude; Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Job Requirements; Job Satisfaction; Occupational Choice; Occupations; Tests and Testing

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple-aptitude test battery used by all of the military services to determine the qualifications of candidates for enlistment and assign enlistees to military occupations. It is also administered annually to thousands of high school and college students, and represents a potentially important source of information for career guidance. The present effort examines relationships between ASVAB scores and actual career choices for a nationally representative sample of youth and young adults. Discriminate analyses were performed to assess the extent to which ASVAB scores could be used to differentiate individuals in different occupations or occupational groups. The ASVAB-based discriminant functions resulted in a significantly greater number of individuals being correctly classified than would be expected by chance. In particular, ASVAB scores were most effective in predicting occupational membership for jobs that involved higher, or lower, degrees of complexity of work with data. Additional analyses were performed to assess the extent to which ASVAB scores could differentiate individuals who were satisfied with their occupational choices. No pattern of significant relationships between ASVAB scores and job satisfaction was found. The results support the validity of the ASVAB for predicting membership in civilian occupations. Additional measures would be useful for extending the range of jobs for which membership can be effectively predicted. [NTIS AD-A225-244- 3-XAB]
Bibliography Citation
Claudy, John G. and Lauri Steel. "Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Data." AFHRL Technical Report 90-29, Air Force Human Research Labortory, American Institute for Research, July 1990.
2. Steel, Lauri
Early Work Experience among White and Non-White Youths: Implications for Subsequent Enrollment and Employment
Youth and Society 22,4 (June 1991): 419-447.
Also: http://yas.sagepub.com/content/22/4/419
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Employment; Employment, In-School; Gender Differences; High School Dropouts; Hispanics; Labor Force Participation; Racial Differences; Schooling; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This research investigated whether the previously observed negative associations between early work experience and schooling would be mitigated in a cohort for whom such work experience was more typical. Subjects were 1,346 males and 1,379 females (aged 17-18 yrs) from the NLSY. There were 1,578 whites, 410 Hispanics, and 737 blacks. Early employment (EE) was associated with higher subsequent enrollment for white youths, with the exception of white males working full time or nearly full time. Among white males and among blacks, however, working longer hours in 1979 was associated with lower subsequent enrollment. EE appeared to be compatible with continued enrollment for white women and for white men working low to moderate amounts. However, among non-whites and white men working close to full time, EE appeared to represent a competing alternative to schooling. [PsycINFO]
Bibliography Citation
Steel, Lauri. "Early Work Experience among White and Non-White Youths: Implications for Subsequent Enrollment and Employment." Youth and Society 22,4 (June 1991): 419-447.