Search Results

Author: Takai, Ricky T.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Takai, Ricky T.
Marital Separation in First Marriages and Remarriages of Women: An Examination of Divergent Patterns
Ph.D. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1981
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Earnings, Husbands; Family Influences; Family, Extended; Husbands, Income; Kinship; Marital Disruption; Marital Instability; Marital Stability; Racial Differences

Recent studies have shown that the rate of marital separation for remarried white women is higher than once-wed women. However the marital separation rate for black remarried women has been reported to be lower or not significantly different than first-married women. Several hypotheses were examined in order to identify the factors that account for the different rates of marital separation for once-wed and remarried women. The hypotheses were studied using data from the NLS of Mature Women (1967-1976) aged 30 to 44 in 1967. A subsample of about 3700 women who reported themselves as married with their husbands present in 1967 was extracted from the data. One original hypothesis focused on the characteristics of the men that remarried women select for husbands. Due to the disadvantages in the marriage market and economic hardships, white remarried women are forced to choose husbands who are not as successful as husbands of once-wed women. Black women appear to use kinship support to replace the lost income of their former husbands. On this basis, the hypothesis is that black women are not under the economic pressure to remarry as white women. Using a variety of economic characteristics of the husbands, partial support was found for the above hypothesis. A second hypothesis tested was that remarried women place greater emphasis on economic factors when considering the decision to separate or divorce than once-wed women. The results were mildly supportive of the assertion. The findings support the idea that the process of separation compels women to become more economically self-reliant and this self-reliance plays a larger role in the evaluation of their second or subsequent marriages. The third hypothesis focused on the problems arising from step-kin relationships in "recombined" families. The data did not support the theory that the network of step-kin relationships is an important factor in explaining the higher separation rate of remarried women. The fourth hypothesis centered around the issue of marital homogamy in first and second marriages of women. The findings support recent studies reporting greater marital heterogamy among remarried women and regression analyses supported the notion that marital heterogamy is positively related to the probability of separation.
Bibliography Citation
Takai, Ricky T. Marital Separation in First Marriages and Remarriages of Women: An Examination of Divergent Patterns. Ph.D. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1981.