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Author: Tan, Eleonora
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Tan, Eleonora
Understanding the Effect of Obesity on Male and Female Labor Outcomes
Ph.D. Dissertation, George Washington University, 2014
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Discrimination, Body weight; Earnings; Labor Force Participation; Labor Market Outcomes; Modeling, Instrumental Variables; Obesity; Occupations; Weight

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

When it comes to understanding the obesity effect on male and female labor outcomes existing studies largely focused on earnings. This study provides a broader analysis of the obesity impact on labor outcomes, including labor force participation, employment status, occupation type, hours worked, full-time employment, consecutive employment, and hourly earnings. This dissertation has three objectives: First, estimate the effect of being overweight, moderately obese and severely obese on male and female labor outcomes. Second, determine to what extent weight related labor inequalities are the result of individual, household, and local labor characteristics and whether discrimination plays a role. Finally, discuss a role for government interventions to reduce weight-related labor inequalities.

This study used sixteen years of National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 data. Both pooled OLS and pooled logit regression in combination with individual FE methods were used to measure gaps in labor outcomes. In addition, to address bias arising from endogenous relationship between obesity and labor outcomes I estimate the weight effect using instrumental variables approach with county obesity prevalence as instrument for obesity. Finally, I apply Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method to examine the factors that contribute to the observed gap in hourly earnings.

Bibliography Citation
Tan, Eleonora. Understanding the Effect of Obesity on Male and Female Labor Outcomes. Ph.D. Dissertation, George Washington University, 2014.