Search Results

Author: Tsao, Hui-Shien
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Tsao, Hui-Shien
Career Mobility in an Age of Economic Restructuring: a Multilevel Analysis
Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany, 2001. DAI, 62, no. 04A (2001): p. 1591
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: UMI - University Microfilms, Bell and Howell Information and Learning
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; Demography; Family Models; Family Studies; Gender Differences; Mobility; Mobility, Job; Racial Differences

The American economy has experienced enormous changes since the late 1970s, and this wave of changes has extended into the 1990s. The kind of career patterns that workers have been engaged over this time period is the major interest of this dissertation. Career mobility is frequently examined in a cross-sectional context. However, careers are made up of a series of jobs, which suggests that a longitudinal approach to career mobility is more appropriate than a cross-sectional approach. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979-1994, is the empirical basis of this dissertation. Two methodologies are applied to the career mobility process. First, the partial adjustment model is used to investigate the career dynamics of American workers. Second, event history analysis is used to explore job mobility processes.

A number of methodological innovations are incorporated into this dissertation. First, multilevel modeling is used in conjunction with the partial adjustment model to estimate career dynamics. Unlike cross-sectional analyses that simply compare individuals' achievement at a given point in time, this dissertation illustrates career trajectories by gender and race, and also demonstrates how career dynamics differ across demographic groups. Next, instead of studying a general mobility process, this dissertation decomposes job mobility by distinguishing types of mobility. Two sets of distinctions were made: the direction of job mobility (i.e., upward, downward, or horizontal) and the reasons for job mobility (i.e., voluntary or involuntary).

The results, in general, were consistent with my hypotheses. Whites still have better opportunities to advance in their careers compared to Hispanics and blacks. Blacks have the weakest momentum in terms of building their careers; moreover, they are also at the bottom of the occupational prestige hierarchy. Also, job mobility was triggered by individual characteristics, job characteristics, and macroeconomic factors. The effects of job characteristics and macroeconomic indicators are further differentiated after the types of mobility and the reasons for leaving jobs are specified. The impact of mergers and acquisitions on job mobility is rarely evaluated in the job mobility literature. The results in this research, though, show that mergers and acquisition do increase workers' risks of being fired or experiencing "programs end" because of the disappearance of jobs. Overall, the findings support the general impression that American business are downsizing.

Bibliography Citation
Tsao, Hui-Shien. Career Mobility in an Age of Economic Restructuring: a Multilevel Analysis. Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany, 2001. DAI, 62, no. 04A (2001): p. 1591.