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Source: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy
Resulting in 8 citations.
1. Barnes, Michael G.
Smith, Trenton G.
Tobacco Use as Response to Economic Insecurity: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 9,1 (5 November 2009): Article 47.
Also: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol9/iss1/art47/
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Berkeley Electronic Press (bpress)
Keyword(s): Cigarette Use (see Smoking); Economic Changes/Recession; Economic Well-Being; Heterogeneity; Household Income; Income Risk; Smoking (see Cigarette Use); Variables, Instrumental

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

[B.E. = Berkeley Electronic Press]

Emerging evidence from neuroscience and clinical research suggests a novel hypothesis about tobacco use: consumers may choose to smoke, in part, as a 'self-medicating' response to the presence of economic insecurity. To test this hypothesis, we examine the effect of economic insecurity (roughly, the risk of catastrophic income loss) on the smoking behavior of a sample of male working-age smokers from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79). Using instrumental variables to control for unobserved heterogeneity, we find that economic insecurity has a large and statistically significant positive effect on the decision to continue or resume smoking. Our results indicate, for example, that a 1 percent increase in the probability of becoming unemployed causes an individual to be 2.4 percent more likely to continue smoking. We find that the explanatory power of economic insecurity in predicting tobacco use is comparable to (but distinct from) household income, a more commonly used metric.

Bibliography Citation
Barnes, Michael G. and Trenton G. Smith. "Tobacco Use as Response to Economic Insecurity: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth." B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 9,1 (5 November 2009): Article 47.
2. Fairlie, Robert W.
Woodruff, Christopher M.
Mexican-American Entrepreneurship
B.E. Journals of Economic Analysis and Policy: Frontiers of Economic Analysis and Policy 10,1 (2010).
Also: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=907681
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Berkeley Electronic Press (bpress)
Keyword(s): Census of Population; Current Population Survey (CPS) / CPS-Fertility Supplement; Immigrants

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We conduct a comprehensive analysis of Mexican-American entrepreneurship. We find that low levels of education and wealth explain the entire gap between Mexican immigrants and non- Latino whites in business formation rates; together with language ability, these factors explain nearly the entire gap in business income. Legal status represents an additional barrier for Mexican immigrants, reducing business ownership rates by 0.7 percentage points. Human and financial capital deficiencies limit business ownership and business success among second and third-generation Mexican-Americans to a lesser extent. These findings have implications for the debates over the assimilation of Mexican-Americans in the United States. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

[Editor's note:] Synthetic control groups are created using Census, CPS and the NLSY data for comparison to undocumented Mexican immigrants in the LPS [Legalized Population Survey] data.

Bibliography Citation
Fairlie, Robert W. and Christopher M. Woodruff. "Mexican-American Entrepreneurship." B.E. Journals of Economic Analysis and Policy: Frontiers of Economic Analysis and Policy 10,1 (2010).
3. Hershbein, Brad
Graduating High School in a Recession: Work, Education, and Home Production
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 12,1 (January 2012): Article 3.
Also: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3409569/
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Economic Changes/Recession; Educational Attainment; Gender Differences; High School Completion/Graduates; Labor Force Participation; Wage Penalty/Career Penalty

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper explores how high school graduate men and women vary in their behavioral responses to beginning labor market entry during a recession. In contrast with previous related literature that found a substantial negative wage impact but minimal employment impact in samples of highly educated men, the empirical evidence presented here suggests a different outcome for the less well educated, and between the sexes. Women, but not men, who graduate high school in an adverse labor market are less likely to be in the workforce for the next four years, but longer-term effects are minimal. Further, while men increase their enrollment as a short-run response to weak labor demand, women do not; instead, they appear to temporarily substitute into home production. Women’s wages are less affected then men’s, and both groups’ wages are less affected than the college graduates previously studied.
Bibliography Citation
Hershbein, Brad. "Graduating High School in a Recession: Work, Education, and Home Production." B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 12,1 (January 2012): Article 3.
4. Norton, Edward C.
Nicholas, Lauren H.
Huang, Sean Sheng-Hsiu
Informal Care and Inter-vivos Transfers: Results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 14,2 (May 2013): 377-400.
Also: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejeap.2014.14.issue-2/bejeap-2012-0062/bejeap-2012-0062.xml
Cohort(s): Mature Women
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Caregivers, Adult Children; Inheritance; Transfers, Financial

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Informal care is the largest source of long-term care for elderly, surpassing home health care and nursing home care. By definition, informal care is unpaid. It remains a puzzle why so many adult children give freely of their time. Transfers of time to the older generation may be balanced by financial transfers going to the younger generation. This leads to the question of whether informal care and inter-vivos transfers are causally related. We analyze data from the 1999 and 2003 waves of National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. We examine whether the elderly parents give more inter-vivos monetary transfers to adult children who provide informal care, by examining both the extensive and intensive margins of financial transfers and of informal care. We find statistically significant results that a child who provides informal care is more likely to receive inter-vivos transfers than a sibling who does not. If a child does provide care, there is no statistically significant effect on the amount of the transfer.
Bibliography Citation
Norton, Edward C., Lauren H. Nicholas and Sean Sheng-Hsiu Huang. "Informal Care and Inter-vivos Transfers: Results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women." B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 14,2 (May 2013): 377-400.
5. Okumura, Tsunao
Usui, Emiko
Do Parents' Social Skills Influence Their Children's Sociability?
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 14,3 (January 2014): 1081-1116.
Also: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejeap.2014.14.issue-3/bejeap-2013-0077/bejeap-2013-0077.xml?format=INT
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Children, School-Age; Children, Temperament; Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT); Gender Differences; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Labor Market Outcomes; Occupational Choice; Parenting Skills/Styles; Shyness; Sociability/Socialization/Social Interaction; Social Capital; Temperament; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This article uses the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) to examine the effect of parents' social skills on their children's sociability. Similar to many other national surveys, this survey lacks detailed information on parents. To remedy this deficiency, we construct a measure of parents' sociability skills based on their occupational characteristics extracted from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT). Even after controlling for a variety of background characteristics, including cognitive skills, we find that the sociability relationships between fathers and sons and between mothers and daughters remain statistically significant. We find that the dollar value to the sons of a given increase in their fathers' sociability is one-sixth of the value to the sons of the same standard-deviation increase in their fathers' education.
Bibliography Citation
Okumura, Tsunao and Emiko Usui. "Do Parents' Social Skills Influence Their Children's Sociability?" B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 14,3 (January 2014): 1081-1116.
6. Shin, Donggyun
Recent Trends in Men's Earnings Volatility: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1985-2009
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 12,2 (October 2012): .
Also: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejeap.2012.12.issue-2/1935-1682.3339/1935-1682.3339.xml?format=INT
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Earnings; Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Evidence on recent trends in men’s earnings volatility from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) has been found to be at odds with evidence from some other sources. This study adds evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which turns out to be more consistent with the PSID.
Bibliography Citation
Shin, Donggyun. "Recent Trends in Men's Earnings Volatility: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1985-2009." B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 12,2 (October 2012): .
7. Speer, Jamin D.
Wages, Hours, and the School-to-Work Transition: The Consequences of Leaving School in a Recession for Less-Educated Men
B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 16,1 (January 2016): 97-124.
Also: https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejeap.2016.16.issue-1/bejeap-2015-0054/bejeap-2015-0054.xml
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Economic Changes/Recession; Educational Attainment; Labor Market Outcomes; Transition, School to Work; Wages; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using the NLSY's weekly work history data to precisely measure labor market outcomes and the school-to-work transition, I document severe but short-lived effects of leaving school in a recession for men with 9-12 years of education. I find significant effects of entry labor market conditions on wages, job quality, and the transition time from school to work. In contrast to published evidence on more educated workers, I also find large effects on work hours on both the extensive and the intensive margins. When workers leave high school in a recession, they take substantially longer to find a job, earn lower wages, and work fewer full-time weeks and more part-time weeks. A 4-point rise in the initial unemployment rate leads to an increase in the school-to-work transition time of 9 weeks, a 16% decline in year-one average wage, a 28% fall in hours worked in the first year, and a 45% decline in first-year earnings. However, effects of entry conditions are not persistent and are largely gone after the first year.
Bibliography Citation
Speer, Jamin D. "Wages, Hours, and the School-to-Work Transition: The Consequences of Leaving School in a Recession for Less-Educated Men." B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 16,1 (January 2016): 97-124.
8. Vidal-Fernández, Marian
The Effect of Minimum Academic Requirements to Participate in Sports on High School Graduation
The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 11,1 (August 2011): .
Also: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bejeap.2011.11.issue-1/bejeap.2011.11.1.2380/bejeap.2011.11.1.2380.xml?rskey=v7VL8y&result=1&q=vidal-fernandez
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
Keyword(s): Athletics (see SPORTS); Cross-national Analysis; Data Linkage (also see Record Linkage); Extracurricular Activities/Sports; High School Completion/Graduates; High School Curriculum; Sports (also see ATHLETICS)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

During the 1970s, state interscholastic associations imposed rules requiring student athletes to pass a certain number of subjects in order to be allowed to participate in school sports. Using the NLSY together with a newly collected dataset on the stringency of the rules, I exploit variation in the rules across states to estimate their effects on high school graduation. I find that requiring students to pass one additional course is associated with a two-percentage-point increase in the likelihood of graduation. This result survives a number of robustness checks, including finding no effect for female students who at the time had limited access to interscholastic competitions.
Bibliography Citation
Vidal-Fernández, Marian. "The Effect of Minimum Academic Requirements to Participate in Sports on High School Graduation." The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy 11,1 (August 2011): .