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Source: Kyklos
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Nikolaou, Dimitrios
Sex, Drugs, Alcohol and Subjective Well‐Being: Selection or Causation?
KYKLOS: International Review for Social Sciences published online (25 December 2018): DOI: 10.1111/kykl.12196.
Also: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/kykl.12196
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Drug Use; Risk-Taking; Sexual Behavior; Smoking (see Cigarette Use); Well-Being

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper estimates the effects of risky behaviors (e.g., smoking, alcohol, marijuana, risky sex) on subjective well‐being. To identify these effects from endogenous sorting, I use information from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and a system of simultaneous equations for participation in four risky activities and formation of individual happiness. My results provide evidence that smoking and alcohol decrease subjective well‐being by 2.5% and 2.4%, respectively. By contrast, the relationship between having sex with multiple partners, although positive, is not statistically significant at conventional levels. Nevertheless, these effects dwindle over time until participation in any of these behaviors does not have a long‐run impact on well‐being, with the exception of smoking and alcohol consumption, which have a persistent negative impact on subjective well‐being. The results highlight the importance of controlling for endogeneity of risky behaviors and provide an explanation as to why most individuals who engage in such behaviors do not develop longer‐lasting addictions.
Bibliography Citation
Nikolaou, Dimitrios. "Sex, Drugs, Alcohol and Subjective Well‐Being: Selection or Causation?" KYKLOS: International Review for Social Sciences published online (25 December 2018): DOI: 10.1111/kykl.12196.
2. Seals, Richard Alan
Are Gangs a Substitute for Legitimate Employment? Investigating the Impact of Labor Market Effects on Gang Affiliation
Kyklos 62,3 (August 2009): 407-425.
Also: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1432262
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Delinquency/Gang Activity; Labor Market Demographics; Local Labor Market; Underemployment; Unemployment, Youth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper adds to the literature estimates of local labor market effects on gang participation. The local unemployment rate is a proxy for the availability of legitimate employment. I use data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) to model the probability of gang involvement. The effect of the local unemployment rate is statistically significant and positive. Robustness checks reveal gang participation of individuals less than sixteen years of age (the legal minimum age for most jobs) is not responsive to the local unemployment rate. However, the effect of the local unemployment rate on sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds is statistically significant and positive, which suggests juvenile gang participation depends on economic incentives. Gang participation among individuals with lower ASVAB scores is more sensitive to the local unemployment rate. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Bibliography Citation
Seals, Richard Alan. "Are Gangs a Substitute for Legitimate Employment? Investigating the Impact of Labor Market Effects on Gang Affiliation." Kyklos 62,3 (August 2009): 407-425.