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Source: Manpower Administration
Resulting in 11 citations.
1. Fleisher, Belton M.
Parsons, Donald O.
A Disaggregate Study of the Effect of Unemployment Rates on Labor Supply
Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1975
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Census of Population; Children; Heterogeneity; Marital Status; Research Methodology; Schooling; Unemployment; Unemployment Compensation

The project focuses on two loosely-related hypotheses regarding a contradiction existing in the results of previous research on the relationship between labor force participation and unemployment. This contradiction is the persistent tendency of the estimated effect of unemployment on labor force participation--and hence estimates of hidden unemployment--to be greater when cross section data based on SMSA aggregates are used than when economy- wide time series data are used. The hypotheses put forward to explain this contradiction are: (1) that the cross section estimates are biased as the result of labor force heterogeneity across SMSAs; and (2) that the problem of mutual determination of labor force participation and unemployment is a much more likely cause of spurious correlation between these two variables in the cross section than in the time series data.
Bibliography Citation
Fleisher, Belton M. and Donald O. Parsons. "A Disaggregate Study of the Effect of Unemployment Rates on Labor Supply." Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1975.
2. Hawley, Clifford B.
Bielby, William T.
Research Uses of the National Longitudinal Survey Data on Mature Women
In: Women's Changing Roles at Home and on the Job: National Commission for Manpower Policy, Special Report No: 26. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1978
Cohort(s): NLS General
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Discrimination, Sex; Employment; Family Influences; Life Cycle Research; Marital Instability; Research Methodology

This report on the research uses of data gathered on Mature Women from the NLS has several purposes. First, the authors provide a comprehensive survey of the research that has utilized the panel data on the cohort of mature women. Second, comparisons are made of the research done on the content of the surveys in order to identify neglected research opportunities. Third, judgments are formed with respect to the direction of future research based on this data set.
Bibliography Citation
Hawley, Clifford B. and William T. Bielby. "Research Uses of the National Longitudinal Survey Data on Mature Women" In: Women's Changing Roles at Home and on the Job: National Commission for Manpower Policy, Special Report No: 26. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1978
3. Kohen, Andrew I.
Labor Force and Employment Status of Students
In: Years for Decision, Volume 1, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1971
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Labor Force Participation; Unemployment; Urbanization/Urban Living

A study of young women aged 14-24 enrolled in school in 1968 showed that about one-third of the eight million students in this age category participated in the labor force during the survey week. Grade in school, socioeconomic status of family, number of weeks worked during 1967, urban background, and age positively relate to participation rates among high school students (age 14-17). Black high school young women tend less than their white counterparts to be in the labor force, but this difference narrows with age. College age young women (18- 24) who are graduate students, had fathers in professional occupations, come from large cities, or were employed for at least 26 weeks in 1967 showed higher participation rates than those not having these characteristics. Data indicate unemployment is higher among black young women and suggest that the dissemination of labor market information to all enrolled female students could be much improved.
Bibliography Citation
Kohen, Andrew I. "Labor Force and Employment Status of Students" In: Years for Decision, Volume 1, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1971
4. Mattila, J. Peter
Impact of Extending Minimum Wages to Private Household Workers
Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1971
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Minimum Wage; Wages

This study attempts to analyze the potential impact of an extension of minimum wage legislation which would cover household maids and servants. There is concern that if the minimum is set too high, households will cut back on their demand for maids, substituting commercial services and labor-saving appliances. This study tries to quantitatively predict these effects. In order to make these predictions it is necessary to estimate the level and distribution of the wages of maids. Longitudinal labor market survey data on Young Women 14-24, Mature Women 3044, and Consumer Price Survey data are used for this purpose. We conclude that in 1971 approximately one-half of all maids earn less than $1. 40 per hour.
Bibliography Citation
Mattila, J. Peter. "Impact of Extending Minimum Wages to Private Household Workers." Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1971.
5. Mott, Frank L.
The NLS Mature Women's Cohort: A Socioeconomic Overview
In: Women's Changing Roles at Home and on the Job: National Commission for Manpower Policy, Special Report No: 26. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1978
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Attitudes; Earnings; Employment; Fertility; Income; Labor Force Participation; Racial Differences; Schooling; Work Attitudes

This study of young and mature women examines trends in labor force behavior and attitudes between 1967 and 1972. Included are separate racial analyses of fertility, labor force employment, income, earnings and work and family attitudes for the two NLS cohorts. The study concludes that there are major differences between black and white female labor force trends with black participation declining and white participation increasing in recent years. The black decline primarily reflects labor force withdrawal of less skilled and educated women. The black women withdrawing from the labor force do not have work attitudes significantly more negative than their black and white working counterparts.
Bibliography Citation
Mott, Frank L. "The NLS Mature Women's Cohort: A Socioeconomic Overview" In: Women's Changing Roles at Home and on the Job: National Commission for Manpower Policy, Special Report No: 26. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1978
6. Parnes, Herbert S.
Kohen, Andrew I.
Labor Market Experience of Noncollege Youth: A Longitudinal Analysis
In: From School to Work: Improving the Transition: National Commission for Manpower Policy. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1976.
Also: http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?seq=73&id=mdp.39015019968513&page=root&view=image&size=100&orient=0
Cohort(s): Young Men, Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Collective Bargaining; Earnings; Educational Attainment; Family Resources; Marital Status; Mobility; Mobility, Job; Private Sector; Public Sector; Unions; Work Knowledge

The factors associated with variations in earnings, occupational status, and unemployment experience among a relatively homogeneous segment of the labor force--young men and young women who had ended (at least temporarily) their formal education at some level before college graduation, are identified. Among the findings are that educational attainment strongly influences earnings and occupational positions; labor market exposure and knowledge of the world of work are both positive factors; interfirm mobility appears to influence earnings somewhat; marital status is very important for males while not as significant for women; residents of large cities have advantages in wages and positions; collective bargaining imparts substantial wage advantages; and for men, private sector employment is better than public sector, with the opposite true for women.
Bibliography Citation
Parnes, Herbert S. and Andrew I. Kohen. "Labor Market Experience of Noncollege Youth: A Longitudinal Analysis" In: From School to Work: Improving the Transition: National Commission for Manpower Policy. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1976.
7. Roderick, Roger D.
Kohen, Andrew I.
Changes in Job Status of Employed Out-of-School Youth
In: Years for Decision, Volume 3, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1976
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Job Satisfaction; Marital Status; Mobility; Mobility, Job; Occupational Attainment; Residence; Training, Occupational; Wages; World of Work Test

Almost half of the young women respondents who were employed and out of school changed employers from 1968 to 1970. Apparent correlates of interfirm movement include: education, occupation, length of service, prospective mobility, residence, and a change in marital status. Some consequences of changing employers are: change in rate of pay increases, a change in occupation, acquisition of occupational training, and a higher degree of job satisfaction.
Bibliography Citation
Roderick, Roger D. and Andrew I. Kohen. "Changes in Job Status of Employed Out-of-School Youth" In: Years for Decision, Volume 3, Manpower Research Monograph 24. Washington DC: U.S. GPO, 1976
8. Roderick, Roger D.
Shea, John R.
Typing, Shorthand, and Occupational Assignments of Women: Some Black-White Differentials
Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1972
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Employment; High School Completion/Graduates; Racial Differences; Urbanization/Urban Living; Vocational Education

The purpose of the paper is to examine some of the factors that may help explain aggregate black-white differences in having had typing and/or shorthand while in high school, and in having used such training in occupations ostensibly requiring typing and/or shorthand skills. Data are from the NLS of Young Women, with the subsets under consideration consisting of those who were full-time employees and had completed exactly 12 years of high school. While urban/non-urban variation in typing-shorthand training was slight, black youth from the urban South were less likely to have such training than were black youth from urban non-South. A positive relationship was found between mental ability and exposure to typing and shorthand. In terms of occupational assignment, typing and shorthand training was directly related to occupancy of clerical jobs in general, but a small proportion of those with such training (especially among blacks) were in jobs most likely to actually require typing and shorthand skills.
Bibliography Citation
Roderick, Roger D. and John R. Shea. "Typing, Shorthand, and Occupational Assignments of Women: Some Black-White Differentials." Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1972.
9. Shimada, Haruo
Structure of Earnings and Investments in Human Resources: A Comparison Between the United States and Japan
Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1974
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Blue-Collar Jobs; Cross-national Analysis; Earnings; Industrial Sector; Japan; Japanese; Labor Market Segmentation; Nenko System Model; Occupations; Vocational Education; White Collar Jobs

The report compares the shapes of experience-earnings profiles and their differential structure across different segments of the labor market in the United States and in Japan. Three aspects are examined: (1) aggregate shapes of earnings streams, (2) the blue-and white-collar occupational segments, and (3) the large- and small-scale industry segments. Data used are: for the United States, the Survey of Economic Opportunities (l966) and the NLS of Older Men ages 45 to 59 in l966; and for Japan, the Basic Survey of Wage Structures (l967). Similarities and dissimilarities of earnings profiles were analyzed in terms of various theories pertinent to the shape and structure of earnings profiles: human capital theory, the internal labor market thesis, the labor market segmentation theory, the Nenko system model, and the theory of labor market dualism. The observations were interpreted in the light of these theories and the usefulness of their hypotheses were evaluated. The report contains an extensive bibliography on the subject.
Bibliography Citation
Shimada, Haruo. "Structure of Earnings and Investments in Human Resources: A Comparison Between the United States and Japan." Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1974.
10. Social Science Research Council
A Research Agenda for the NLS of Labor Market Experience: Report on the Social Science Research Council's Conference on the NLS, Parts I to IV
Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1978
Cohort(s): NLS General
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): NLS Description; Research Methodology

The conference is described according to its rationale, background, and proceedings. Included in the proceedings section is a collection of the papers and memoranda presented at the conference. Issues organized around four topical areas (work and family, labor force socialization, structural variables, and methodological issues) emerged as those to which the planners of the NLS should give serious consideration.
Bibliography Citation
Social Science Research Council. "A Research Agenda for the NLS of Labor Market Experience: Report on the Social Science Research Council's Conference on the NLS, Parts I to IV." Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1978.
11. Somers, Gerald G.
Warlick, Jennifer L.
An Evaluation of Manpower Programs for Young Men, 1964-1972 Based Upon the National Longitudinal Surveys
Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1976
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Earnings; Job Training; Manpower Programs; Social Security; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Analysis of young men in the NLS who were enrolled in manpower programs from l963 to l972 provides information on the probability that members of the 5,225 sample would enter a manpower program, given personal and economic characteristics. Topics studied include the relationship of manpower program participation to annual earnings from l963 to l972 (using Social Security Administration data), comparisons for different types of programs and duration of participation among the enrollees, and comparisons with respondents in the Young Men's sample who did not enroll.
Bibliography Citation
Somers, Gerald G. and Jennifer L. Warlick. "An Evaluation of Manpower Programs for Young Men, 1964-1972 Based Upon the National Longitudinal Surveys." Final Report, Manpower Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, 1976.