Search Results

Title: An Analysis of Policy Effect on Equality of Opportunity for Health
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Chen, Jie Yvonne
An Analysis of Policy Effect on Equality of Opportunity for Health
Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2012
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): British Household Panel Survey (BHPS); Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Parental Influences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In the first essay, I discuss the theoretical framework of equal opportunity. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young 1979 (NLSY79), I estimate the level of inequality of opportunity for health in the United States. Using a supplement survey of NLSY79, I further study the channels through which inequality of opportunity arises. My evidence suggests that inequality of opportunity for health exists for children and young adults as well. This offers support for the hypothesis that the origins of health inequality would have risen from disparities in early life experiences.

In the second essay, I use an index based on Roemer [1998] to study the effect of education policies on health inequality in two exercises. First, I use the British Household Panel Survey to estimate the effect of compulsory schooling reform on health inequality. Second, I use NLSY79 to study the effect of the court-ordered education financing reforms in the United States. My results indicate that the British reform does not have any significant effect on equality of opportunity for health. The U.S. reform, however, appears to be equality enhancing under our framework. In the third essay, I discuss the optimal level of cigarette tax under the equal opportunity framework. Using cigarette taxation as policy instrument, I compute the level of health inequity under different tax rates. I estimate an empirical model in which return to smoking is allowed to vary across individuals. Policy simulations are performed to estimate the optimal cigarette taxation to equalize opportunity for health.

Bibliography Citation
Chen, Jie Yvonne. An Analysis of Policy Effect on Equality of Opportunity for Health. Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2012.