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Title: Correlates of Academic Achievement Among African-American Children
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Casady (a.K.A. Nievar), M. Angela
Luster, Thomas
Correlates of Academic Achievement Among African-American Children
Presented: East Lansing, MI, Paolucci Symposium, IV Annual, April 2002
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Author
Keyword(s): CESD (Depression Scale); Depression (see also CESD); Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Parenthood; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Poverty; Racial Studies; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study focused on hypotheses about the contributions of socioeconomic disadvantage, maternal depression, and parenting to the academic achievement of African American children. Most research on the effects of the environment on African American children has focused on those living in densely populated inner cities. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth, we obtained a sample of 853 children that is more closely representative of the diversity that exists among African American families.

We adapted McLoyd's (1990) model of economic hardship and socioemotional development of African American children in order to examine correlates of academic achievement in African American families. McLoyd's model, based on a review of previous literature, suggested that economic hardship increased parental psychological distress and which in turn resulted in less supportive parental behavior. Our data analyses examined correlates of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised and the Peabody Individual Achievement Test, two standardized measures of children's language ability and academic achievement, for African American children between the ages of 4 and 9. Because chronic poverty tends to have different effects than transitory poverty (Duncan et al., 1984), we combined three consecutive years of poverty status as a measurement of economic hardship. The Center for Epidemiological Studies--Depression, a self-report measure of maternal depression, and a short form of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment, an observation and survey of the home environment, measured parental psychological distress and parenting practices. A series of multiple regression analyses indicated that African American children's academic success is related to lower maternal depression, fewer years in poverty, and a positive home environment.

Bibliography Citation
Casady (a.K.A. Nievar), M. Angela and Thomas Luster. "Correlates of Academic Achievement Among African-American Children." Presented: East Lansing, MI, Paolucci Symposium, IV Annual, April 2002.