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Title: Effects of Daycare Reconsidered
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Norberg, Karen
Effects of Daycare Reconsidered
NBER Working Paper No. 6769, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1998.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Keyword(s): Child Care; Child Development; Child Health; Children, Illness; Disability; Maternal Employment; Motor and Social Development (MSD); Re-employment; Temperament; Work History

Abstract: Do children of employed mothers differ from other children, even before mother's (re)entry to the labor force? Preexisting differences among children may be an alternative explanation for many apparent daycare outcome effects. Data from the 1994 wave of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were available for 6603 singleton infants followed from birth. Mothers of children with intrauterine growth retardation, birth defects, or extended hospitalization at birth began working significantly later after the birth of the child, and mothers of infants with higher development scores and more difficult temperament, and mothers of healthy premature infants, began working significantly earlier. The associations with newborn health persisted when the comparisons were made among siblings. The magnitudes of the effects were large enough to have practical importance. After controlling for both observed and unobserved differences between families, a mother was only 50% as likely to have been employed at all in the first five years after the birth of a high risk infant. About 20% of low-income newborns in the sample were classified as problems may therefore have resulted in a 10% lower labor force participation rate among low-income mothers of children under five. Examines the possibility that infant health, temperament, and development may have significant effects on mothers' employment; focuses on work history, timing of job (re)entry, allocation of household resources, and four indicators of newborns' health; 1980-94, chiefly; US. Based on data for 6,603 infants followed from birth, from the 1994 wave of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.
Bibliography Citation
Norberg, Karen. "Effects of Daycare Reconsidered." NBER Working Paper No. 6769, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1998.