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Title: Effects of Early and Current Maternal Employment on Children from High Risk Families
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Vandell, Deborah Lowe
Ramanan, Janaki
Effects of Early and Current Maternal Employment on Children from High Risk Families
Presented: Montreal, QC, International Conference on Infant Studies, 1990
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Author
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children; Children, Academic Development; Earnings; Family Income; General Assessment; Maternal Employment; Memory for Digit Span (WISC) - also see Digit Span; Mothers; Mothers, Education; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Sex Roles; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Patterns of early and concurrent maternal employment were examined in 224 second graders from "high risk" families using data from the Children of the NLSY. Extent of early maternal employment was related to the families' current finances and to the mothers' education. Families in which there was moderate or extensive maternal employment during the first three years were less likely to be living in poverty four years later; and maternal education was higher when mothers were extensively employed during the first three years. In addition, differences in the second graders' academic achievement were associated with extent of early employment, after controlling for differences in family poverty and maternal education. Children scored lower on reading and math achievement when their mothers were either not employed or minimally employed as opposed to when mothers worked more extensively during the first three years. Extent of early employment was more highly associated with second grade achievement than was concurrent maternal employment.
Bibliography Citation
Vandell, Deborah Lowe and Janaki Ramanan. "Effects of Early and Current Maternal Employment on Children from High Risk Families." Presented: Montreal, QC, International Conference on Infant Studies, 1990.