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Title: Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low Income Families
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Vandell, Deborah Lowe
Ramanan, Janaki
Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low Income Families
Working Paper, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1990
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children; Children, Academic Development; Family Background and Culture; Family Income; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Marital Status; Maternal Employment; Mothers; Mothers, Education; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Poverty; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Data drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth are used to examine the effects of early and recent maternal employment in a sample of second-grade children from low-income families. Maternal employment is related to a number of selection factors. When mothers who were not employed are compared to employed mothers, the working mothers score higher on a mental aptitude tests and are more highly educated. In terms of measures of current family functioning, there is less poverty and higher home environment scores when mothers are employed. Multiple regressions showed that children's math achievement is positively predicted by early, maternal employment. Children's reading achievement is positively predicted by recent, maternal employment. Discussion of the results in terms of possible mechanisms by which maternal employment may affect children's development end the study.
Bibliography Citation
Vandell, Deborah Lowe and Janaki Ramanan. "Effects of Early and Recent Maternal Employment on Children from Low Income Families." Working Paper, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1990.