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Title: Essays in Labor Economics
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Sanzenbacher, Geoffrey
Essays in Labor Economics
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, Boston College, 2010
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Job Tenure; Motherhood; Parents, Single; Wage Growth; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The welfare reforms of 1996 were designed to encourage single mothers to become self-sufficient through employment. Yet, these women often end up in unstable, low-paying jobs. In this paper, I quantify the importance of (1) the returns to tenure and experience, (2) job mobility, and (3) job exit in leading to these employment outcomes. I estimate a model of full-time work, part-time work, and welfare use. To allow differences in wage growth between recipients and non-recipients, I incorporate heterogeneity in job offer arrival rates, the returns to experience and tenure, and the rate of job destruction. I show that, for welfare recipients, tenure is a more important source of wage growth than work experience. Thus, policies encouraging lengthy employment spells could encourage wage growth. Policy experiments indicate that a work requirement on welfare receipt encourages longer employment spells and four times as much wage growth for women between the ages of 18 and 33 as a five-year lifetime welfare receipt time limit.
Bibliography Citation
Sanzenbacher, Geoffrey. Essays in Labor Economics. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, Boston College, 2010.