Search Results

Source: Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Cawley, John
Obesity and Labor Market Outcomes
Working Paper, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca NY, 2002
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University
Keyword(s): Blue-Collar Jobs; Body Mass Index (BMI); Discrimination; Ethnic Differences; Gender; Height; Labor Market Outcomes; Modeling; Obesity; Racial Differences; Wages; Weight; White Collar Jobs

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Previous studies of the relationship between body weight and wages found mixed results. This paper uses a larger dataset and several regression strategies in an attempt to generate more consistent estimates of the effect of body weight on wages. Differences across gender, race and ethnicity are explored. This paper finds that weight lowers wages for white females; OLS estimates indicate that a difference in weight of two standard deviations (roughly sixty-five pounds) is associated with a difference in wages of 9%. In absolute value, this is equivalent to the wage effect of roughly on and a half years of education or three years of work experience. Negative correlations between weight and wages observed for gender-ethnic groups other than white females appear to be due to unobserved heterogeneity. For all gender-ethnic groups, there is little evidence that current wages affect current weight.
Bibliography Citation
Cawley, John. "Obesity and Labor Market Outcomes." Working Paper, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca NY, 2002.
2. Dunifon, Rachel
Taylor, Catherine J.
Is Maternal Work Behavior Affected by Children's Health and Behavioral Problems?
Working Paper, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, September 2002.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Behavior; Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Child Care; Child Health; Fathers, Absence; Health Factors; Maternal Employment; Parents, Single; Poverty; Welfare; Work Experience; Work Hours

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper considers the effect on maternal work behavior of children's health and behavior problems. While a great deal of research has examined the influence of maternal employment on children, less research examines the influence of children's characteristics on maternal employment. However, it is likely that the presence of a child with a health or behavior problem may hinder women's work. We examine two measures of maternal employment: weekly hours worked and current employment status, and relate the presence of children's health or behavior problems at a point in time to changes in these outcomes over the subsequent two year period.

Results indicate that, for the sample as a whole, the presence of a child with a problem is not associated with changes in maternal employment status or work hours. However, for subgroups of the population, significant associations do exist. For single mothers, a child's behavior problem is associated with an increase in the likelihood of moving from employment to unemployment. For poor women, both health and behavior problems of children are negatively associated with changes in women's work

Bibliography Citation
Dunifon, Rachel and Catherine J. Taylor. "Is Maternal Work Behavior Affected by Children's Health and Behavioral Problems?" Working Paper, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, September 2002.