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Author: Brinson, Megan
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Brinson, Megan
Motherhood Penalties by Race and Marital Status
M.S. Thesis, Department of Sociology, North Carolina State University, 2022
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Cohabitation; Marital Status; Motherhood; Racial Differences; Wage Penalty/Career Penalty

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Motherhood wage penalties, which refer to the income loss experienced by women after having children, have been extensively documented by family and work scholars. Though several key aspects of motherhood penalties have been explored, findings on racial effects have been nuanced; additionally, recent shifts in work patterns and family formation behaviors call for revisiting this phenomenon with contemporary data. In this article, I explore motherhood penalties by race and marital status using data from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, extending Glauber's (2007) model to include cohabiting individuals. Findings illustrate a wage penalty of about 11% for white women with at least three children, and no significant penalties for Black mothers. Further, wage penalties for cohabiting appear to function similarly to marriage for white women, with a penalty of about 5% compared to their non-cohabiting counterparts. These results suggest that motherhood penalties are shifting for younger cohorts of women.
Bibliography Citation
Brinson, Megan. Motherhood Penalties by Race and Marital Status. M.S. Thesis, Department of Sociology, North Carolina State University, 2022.