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Author: Chuan, Amanda
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Chuan, Amanda
Essays on Human Capital and Altruism
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Applied Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 2018
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): College Enrollment; Gender Differences; Occupational Segregation; Skills

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In Chapter 2, I explore one key mechanism behind the severe occupational segregation in the non-college labor market. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (1979), I show that there exist large differences in skill profiles between men and women. In particular, "gender-based skill" for men tends to represent mechanical skill, while "gender-based skill" for women tends to represent numerical and coding ability. Using a Roy model adapted from Rosen and Willis (1979), I show that "gender-based skill" for men commands a return in the non-college labor market and therefore increases the opportunity cost of college attendance. "Gender-based skill" for women, on the other hand, does not appear to increase women's non-college earnings. Finally, I find that these skill differences significantly impact the likelihood of enrolling in college through their effect on wages. By increasing the value of the outside option to attending college for men, gender-based skill contributes to the greater college enrollment rate of women.
Bibliography Citation
Chuan, Amanda. Essays on Human Capital and Altruism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Applied Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 2018.