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Author: Cuevas-Buendia, Gerardo Valente
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Cuevas-Buendia, Gerardo Valente
Unequal Access: Punishment and High School Completion
Master's Thesis, Department of Criminology, Pennsylvania State University, 2016.
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Penn State University Press
Keyword(s): Arrests; Criminal Justice System; High School Completion/Graduates; School Suspension/Expulsion

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This study contributes to the literature by examining whether the frequency of arrests and school suspensions (i.e. number of days suspended or times arrested) influences the likelihood of completing high school, and whether this relationship varies by race and ethnicity. Data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) is used to compare the educational achievement of African American, White, and Latino youth who were arrested or suspended. The NLSY 97 follows the employment and school experiences of 12-17 year old male and female respondents over their life course. The results suggest that arrest and suspension decrease the likelihood of high school completion after controlling for behavior, educational achievement, and socio-economic background. Furthermore, each additional arrest and each additional day suspended lower the odds of completing high school. Misbehavior and poor academic performance lower the odds of high school graduation. In addition, the outcomes suggest that the effects of suspension and arrest on high school graduation do not vary by race/ethnicity. Overall, the results suggest that school punishment and involvement with criminal justice system are negatively associated with high school completion. Future research should examine the impact of school punishment on college enrollment.
Bibliography Citation
Cuevas-Buendia, Gerardo Valente. Unequal Access: Punishment and High School Completion. Master's Thesis, Department of Criminology, Pennsylvania State University, 2016..