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Author: DiPietro, Janet A.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Caughy, Margaret O'Brien
DiPietro, Janet A.
Strobino, Donna M.
Day-Care Participation as a Protective Factor in the Cognitive Development of Low-Income Children
Child Development 65,2 (April 1994): 457-471.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Keyword(s): Child Care; Children, Preschool; Children, School-Age; Cognitive Development; Education Indicators; Educational Status; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Income Level; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Poverty; Socioeconomic Factors

The impact of day-care participation during the first 3 years of life on the cognitive functioning of school age children was examined. 867 5- and 6-year-old children from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth who completed the 1986 assessment were included in the sample. The dependent measures were scores on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT) subtests of mathematics and reading recognition. In addition to day-care participation, the impact of the pattern of day-care was examined by analyzing the effect of the number of years in day-care, the timing of initiation of day-care, and type of day-care arrangement. Initiation of day-care attendance before the first birthday was associated with higher reading recognition scores for children from impoverished home environments and with lower scores for children from more optimal environments. In addition, a significant interaction between the type of day-care arrangement and the quality of the home environment emerged for mathematics performance. Center-based care in particular was associated with higher mathematics scores for impoverished children and with lower mathematics scores for children from more stimulating home environments. These findings are discussed in the context of developmental risk.
Bibliography Citation
Caughy, Margaret O'Brien, Janet A. DiPietro and Donna M. Strobino. "Day-Care Participation as a Protective Factor in the Cognitive Development of Low-Income Children." Child Development 65,2 (April 1994): 457-471.