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Author: Edwards, Rebecca
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Edwards, Rebecca
Essays on the Labor Market and Work Schedule Flexibility
Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2013
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Fertility; Marital Status; Maternal Employment; Work Hours/Schedule; Work Reentry

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

In the first chapter I analyze the degree to which flextime reduces fertility-related career interruptions. In particular, I ask whether women with flextime return to work sooner and remain employed when they have young children. I quantify the resulting reduction in the earnings penalty from periods of non-employment due to child-care responsibilities. To answer this question, I develop a dynamic discrete choice model for the fertility and labor supply decisions of married and cohabiting women. The model allows flextime to directly affect preferences, the arrival rate of job offers and offered wages. I estimate the model using a sample drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. The estimates suggest a small positive willingness to pay for flextime in a full-time job among the majority of women with no children. Moreover, a woman values flextime more strongly as her number of children increases or if she has an infant. Her willingness to pay for flextime if she has one infant child rises to 8% of full-time earnings. If flextime were available to all women with infant children, on average fertility increases by 0.6 children. The number of quarters of full-time work with flextime increases yet participation falls and full-time work experience declines by roughly 1.5 years. As a result, potential wages at age 35 fall by 2.5%. The net effect is a modest welfare improvement of up to 1.3%.
Bibliography Citation
Edwards, Rebecca. Essays on the Labor Market and Work Schedule Flexibility. Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2013.