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Author: Giles-Sims, Jean
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Giles-Sims, Jean
Straus, Murray A.
Sugarman, David B.
Child, Maternal, and Family Characteristics Associated with Spanking
Family Relations 44 (1995): 170-176.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: National Council on Family Relations
Keyword(s): Behavioral Problems; Children, Adjustment Problems; Children, Behavioral Development; Discipline; Home Environment; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Household Composition; Maternal Employment; Mothers, Behavior; Parenting Skills/Styles; Punishment, Corporal; Welfare

This article presents descriptive data on frequency and distribution of spanking by mothers in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). Spanking rates are often high for all groups, but patterns also vary by age, sex, SES, marital status, ethnicity, religion, and community type. Policy discussion focuses on reevaluation of spanking norms, arguments for using the term corporal punishment in research and policy, and strategies to reduce the use of physical force as discipline.
Bibliography Citation
Giles-Sims, Jean, Murray A. Straus and David B. Sugarman. "Child, Maternal, and Family Characteristics Associated with Spanking." Family Relations 44 (1995): 170-176. .
2. Straus, Murray A.
Sugarman, David B.
Giles-Sims, Jean
Spanking by Parents and Subsequent Antisocial Behavior of Children
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 151,8 (August 1997): 761-767.
Also: http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/151/8/761
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: American Medical Association
Keyword(s): Behavior, Antisocial; Behavior, Violent; Behavioral Problems; Children, Adjustment Problems; Children, Behavioral Development; Cognitive Development; Discipline; Family Background; Gender Differences; Home Environment; Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME); Punishment, Corporal; Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: To deal with the causal relationship between corporal punishment and antisocial behavior (ASB) by considering the level of ASB of the child at the start of the study. Methods: Data from interviews with a national sample of 807 mothers of children aged 6 to 9 years in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child Supplement. Analysis of variance was used to test the hypothesis that when parents use corporal punishment to correct ASB, it increases subsequent ASB. The analysis controlled for the level of ASB at the start of the study, family socioeconomic status, sex of the child, and the extent to which the home provided emotional support and cognitive stimulation. Results: Forty-four percent of the mothers reported spanking their children during the week prior to the study and they spanked them an average of 2.1 times that week. The more spanking at the start of the period, the higher the level of ASB 2 years later. The change is unlikely to be owing to the child's tendency toward ASB or to confounding with demographic characteristics or with parental deficiency in other key aspects of socialization because those variables were statistically controlled. Conclusions: When parents use corporal punishment to reduce ASB, the long-term effect tends to be the opposite. The findings suggest that if parents replace corporal punishment by nonviolent modes of discipline, it could reduce the risk of ASB among children and reduce the level of violence in American society.
Bibliography Citation
Straus, Murray A., David B. Sugarman and Jean Giles-Sims. "Spanking by Parents and Subsequent Antisocial Behavior of Children." Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 151,8 (August 1997): 761-767.