Search Results

Author: Guzzy, Jennifer S.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Heath, Ryan D.
Tan, Kevin
Guzzy, Jennifer S.
Henry, Briyana
Patterns of School Victimization and Problem Behaviors: Longitudinal Associations with Socioeconomic Well-Being and Criminal Justice Involvement
Child and Youth Care Forum published online (21 June 2021): DOI: 10.1007/s10566-021-09633-1.
Also: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-021-09633-1
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Behavioral Problems; Bullying/Victimization; Criminal Justice System; Gender Differences; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objective: Drawing on general strain theory, this study aimed to identify sex-specific profiles of victimization and problem behaviors during middle school, and their association with socioeconomic, violence, and criminal justice outcomes in young adulthood.

Method: Latent class analyses was conducted on data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth-1997, including subsamples of seventh grade females (n = 529) and males (n = 494).

Results: Two classes were identified for females: (1) low-risk and (2) high-risk; these classes were associated with outcomes in the hypothesized directions. For males, however, there were three groups: (1) low-risk, which reported low rates of victimization and problem behaviors; (2) victimized, with high victimization but low rates of problem behaviors; and (3) high-risk, with high rates of both victimization and problem behaviors. Interestingly, victimized males had socioeconomic and criminal justice outcomes similar to low-risk males, but rates of assault comparable to high-risk males. For example, victimized males were five times more likely to obtain a college degree than high-risk males (27.1% versus 4.6%) and three times less likely to live in poverty (9.5% versus 25.9%), but only slightly less likely to commit assault (41.7% versus 59.8%). However, there was alarming over-representation of Black youth in the high-risk groups.

Bibliography Citation
Heath, Ryan D., Kevin Tan, Jennifer S. Guzzy and Briyana Henry. "Patterns of School Victimization and Problem Behaviors: Longitudinal Associations with Socioeconomic Well-Being and Criminal Justice Involvement." Child and Youth Care Forum published online (21 June 2021): DOI: 10.1007/s10566-021-09633-1.