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Author: Institute of Medicine
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Institute of Medicine
WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria: A Scientific Assessment
In: Poverty and Nutrition Risk: Chapter 2. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996: pp. 41-51.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: National Academy Press
Keyword(s): Birthweight; Child Health; Poverty; Welfare

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides specific supplemental foods, nutrition education, and social service and health care referrals to low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and postpartum women, infants, and children up to age 5 years who are at nutrition risk. The WIC program is based on the premise that many low-income individuals are at risk of poor nutrition and health outcomes because of insufficient nutrition during the critical growth and development periods of pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood. The WIC program is a supplemental food and nutrition program to help meet the special needs of low-income women, infants, and children during these periods. Income below 185 percent of the poverty level is one of the standards of eligibility for the WIC program... (Source: Washington DC, National Academy Press, 1996.)

NLSY79 data on family income and birth outcomes such as birth weight, adequacy of pre-natal care, and infant mortality are used to show a relationship between poverty and poor pre-natal outcomes.

Bibliography Citation
Institute of Medicine. "WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria: A Scientific Assessment" In: Poverty and Nutrition Risk: Chapter 2. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1996: pp. 41-51.
2. National Research Council
Institute of Medicine
Integrating Federal Statistics on Children
Washington DC: National Academy Press, 1995.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: National Academy Press
Keyword(s): Children; Longitudinal Data Sets; Longitudinal Surveys; NLS Description

"Interest in monitoring and understanding the lives of children has grown rapidly in recent years. Fueled in part by growing pressure to hold public programs accountable for outcomes, as well as by mounting concerns about the instability and apparently worsening problems that characterize the lives of many children, those who shape our nation's child policies are increasingly looking to the federal statistical system for answers to complex questions about the development of children in today's society. At the same time, the nation is contemplating a major shift in responsibility for several major children's programs from the federal to state governments. Such a shift will place even greater demands on the capacity of national data to track and release in a timely fashion information on the effects on children's well-being of this major redirection of public resources.

In it in this context that the Committee on National Statistics and the Board on Children and Families of the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to examine the adequacy of federal statistics on children and families. Through a series of background papers, discussants' remarks, and participant discussions, the workshop provided a forum for a preliminary assessment of the strengths and shortcomings of existing and proposed federal statistical data sources, particularly with respect to their capacity to fill the most pressing information needs of those who formulate, implement, and analyze policies for children."

Bibliography Citation
National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Integrating Federal Statistics on Children. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 1995..