Search Results

Author: Kershaw, Trace S.
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Biello, Katie Brooks
Niccolai, Linda
Kershaw, Trace S.
Lin, Haiqun
Ickovics, Jeannette R.
Residential Racial Segregation and Racial Differences in Sexual Behaviours: An 11-year Longitudinal Study of Sexual Risk of Adolescents Transitioning to Adulthood
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 67,1 (January 2013): 28-34.
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group, Ltd. - British Medical Journal Publishing Group
Keyword(s): Racial Differences; Sexual Behavior; Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Background: Determining the underlying causes of racial disparities in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is important. In the USA, rates of the most common STIs range from 5 to 20 times higher for African–Americans compared to Caucasians, and the health consequences of STIs can be serious. Residential racial segregation results in very different contexts for individuals and may be an important determinant of sexual risk. The purpose of this study was to examine how segregation and race interact to impact the age trajectory of sexual risk behaviours.

Methods: Using 11 years of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (1997–2007) and 2000 Census data, the authors performed three-level hierarchical linear regression to examine the associations between hypersegregation, race and a sexual risk behaviour index among black and white non-Hispanic adolescents as they transition to adulthood.

Results: Through most of the teenage years, African–Americans are at higher sexual risk than Caucasians. However, by age 19, Caucasians are at higher risk. Hypersegregation was not associated with increased sexual risk index score on average and did not impact the trajectory of the race–sexual risk association.

Conclusions: The authors did not find any evidence that hypersegregation was associated with the sex risk index or that it modified the race–sex risk association as individuals got older. Future studies should examine whether segregation is associated with other causes of STI/HIV acquisition risk, such as sexual network patterns.

Bibliography Citation
Biello, Katie Brooks, Linda Niccolai, Trace S. Kershaw, Haiqun Lin and Jeannette R. Ickovics. "Residential Racial Segregation and Racial Differences in Sexual Behaviours: An 11-year Longitudinal Study of Sexual Risk of Adolescents Transitioning to Adulthood ." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 67,1 (January 2013): 28-34.
2. Meade, Christina S.
Kershaw, Trace S.
Ickovics, Jeannette R.
Intergenerational Cycle of Teenage Motherhood: An Ecological Approach
Health Psychology 27,4 (July 2008): 419-429
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Keyword(s): Age at First Intercourse; Childbearing, Adolescent; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mothers and Daughters; Mothers, Adolescent

Objective: Daughters of teenage mothers have increased risk for teenage childbearing, perpetuating intergenerational cycles. Using Ecological Systems Theory, this study prospectively examined risk factors for teenage childbearing among a national sample of adolescent girls. Design: Data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997. Participants (N = 1,430) were recruited in early adolescence and interviewed yearly for 6 years. Survival analysis was used to examine the rate of childbirth across the teenage years by maternal age at first birth. Hierarchical Cox regression was used to identify multivariate predictors of teenage childbearing and to test whether risk factors differed between daughters of teenage versus older mothers. Primary Outcome Measure: Age at first childbirth was based on cumulative information collected at yearly interviews. Results: Daughters of teenage mothers were 66% more likely to become teenage mothers, after accounting for other risks. Individual (school performance), family (maternal education, marital status, number of children), peer (dating history), and environmental (race, enrichment) factors predicted teenage childbearing. Risks unique to daughters of teenage mothers were deviant peer norms, low parental monitoring, Hispanic race, and poverty. Conclusion: Results support multidimensional approaches to pregnancy prevention, and targeted interventions addressing unique risk factors among daughters of teenage mothers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved).
Bibliography Citation
Meade, Christina S., Trace S. Kershaw and Jeannette R. Ickovics. "Intergenerational Cycle of Teenage Motherhood: An Ecological Approach." Health Psychology 27,4 (July 2008): 419-429.