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Author: Mansfield, Richard K.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Mansfield, Richard K.
School Quality and Student Inequality
Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2011
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; School Quality; Training; Training, Occupational; Vocational Education

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation contains two chapters that chronicle the degree to which the way school and teacher inputs are allocated within and across American high schools is contributing to disparities in academic and labor market success. A third chapter examines whether such disparities might be partially redressed later in individual's careers via the acquisition of vocational re-training.

The third chapter exploits panel data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to investigate the efficacy of vocational education as a means of retraining adults. Using Altonji, Elder and Taber's (2005) method to correct for selection into training, I estimate a 10-year profile of returns to vocational training for those changing jobs. While fairly imprecise, the estimates I obtain suggest that the average spell of vocational training increases hourly wages by 6 percent for the first couple of years after training and around 8-10 percent thereafter, with the effects persisting for at least 10 years. I also find positive effects of training on employment, weeks worked, and income, but these results are both less precise for each year and less consistent across years. Under further assumptions regarding the cost of training and the pattern of returns after ten years, I also show that the estimated returns are sufficient to make vocational training a sound investment.

Bibliography Citation
Mansfield, Richard K. School Quality and Student Inequality. Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University, 2011.