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Author: Price, Joshua L.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Price, Joshua L.
Substance Use and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2016
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT)
Keyword(s): Alcohol Use; Drug Use; Substance Use; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This dissertation investigates the effect of alcohol and marijuana use on Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) eligibility and participation among young adult women. The relationship between substance use and TANF participation has gained prominence because of recent legislation requiring drug testing for TANF participants. Much of the existing literature does not consider the effect of substance use on eligibility or participation. The studies that do incorporate substance use treat it as being exogenously determined. It may be the case, however, that characteristics such as preferences for leisure or mental health status affect eligibility for TANF, participation in TANF if eligible, and substance use. If this is the case then the assumption of exogeneity is violated. I use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to estimate a joint model of TANF eligibility, TANF participation, alcohol use, and marijuana use which allows the substance use variables to be endogenous. The outcomes are jointly determined due to the inclusion of a shared error term which is allowed to have a different effect on each outcome. This term is intended to capture woman-specific characteristics that may affect eligibility, participation, and substance use. The estimation results suggest that alcohol use is not a significant predictor of TANF eligibility or participation. Infrequent marijuana use, on the other hand, is positively related to both eligibility and participation while frequent marijuana use is positively related to eligibility. These results contribute to the understanding of TANF eligibility and participation and substance use.
Bibliography Citation
Price, Joshua L. Substance Use and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2016.