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Author: Quaile, Mary
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Walker, Jasmine
Quaile, Mary
Tumin, Dmitry
Rural Employment of Health Care Workers: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Journal of Rural Health 37,4 (Fall 2021): 705-713.
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Health Care; Occupations; Rural Areas

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Purpose: Preserving and increasing the health care workforce in rural areas has become imperative due to the shortage of health care workers serving rural populations. However, limited data are available on long‐term patterns of employment in rural settings among health care workers.

Methods: We analyzed the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which enrolled a nationally representative sample of adolescents in 1979 and tracked their career outcomes through 2016. Using the US Census Bureau occupation codes, we identified participants who worked in health care occupations, and we classified their employment in rural versus urban areas.

Findings: Of the 1,007 respondents (including 109 doctoral health professionals), 70% worked only in urban locations, 13% worked only in rural locations, and 17% worked in both rural and urban locations during their health care career. Rural upbringing, White race, and female gender were associated with rural employment. Among nondoctoral health professionals, lower educational attainment was associated with increased likelihood of working only in rural settings.

Bibliography Citation
Walker, Jasmine, Mary Quaile and Dmitry Tumin. "Rural Employment of Health Care Workers: A Longitudinal Cohort Study." Journal of Rural Health 37,4 (Fall 2021): 705-713.