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Author: Rosburg, Alicia
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Richey, Jeremiah Alexander
Rosburg, Alicia
Changing Roles of Ability and Education in U.S. Intergenerational Mobility
Economic Inquiry 55,1 (January 2017): 187-201.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecin.12362/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Armed Forces Qualifications Test (AFQT); Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Educational Attainment; Gender Differences; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility, Economic; Parental Influences; Socioeconomic Background

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using data on young adults from the 1979 and 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we investigate the changing roles of ability and education in the transmission of economic status across generations. We find that ability plays a substantially diminished role for the most recent cohort whereas education plays a much larger role. The first finding results primarily from a smaller effect of children's ability on status, the second from an increased correlation between parental status and educational attainment. A replication of the analysis by gender reveals that the changes in the role of ability are largely driven by men whereas the changes in education's role are largely driven by women.
Bibliography Citation
Richey, Jeremiah Alexander and Alicia Rosburg. "Changing Roles of Ability and Education in U.S. Intergenerational Mobility." Economic Inquiry 55,1 (January 2017): 187-201.
2. Richey, Jeremiah Alexander
Rosburg, Alicia
Decomposing Economic Mobility Transition Matrices
Journal of Applied Econometrics 33,1 (January/February 2018): 91-108.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jae.2578/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Family Income; Geocoded Data; Income Distribution; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility, Economic; Parental Influences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We present a decomposition method for transition matrices to identify forces driving the persistence of economic status across generations. The method decomposes differences between an estimated transition matrix and a benchmark transition matrix into portions attributable to differences in characteristics between individuals from different households (a composition effect) and portions attributable to differing returns to these characteristics (a structure effect). A detailed decomposition based on copula theory further decomposes the composition effect into portions attributable to specific characteristics and their interactions. To examine potential drivers of economic persistence in the USA, we apply the method to white males from the 1979 US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Depending on the transition matrix entry of interest, differing characteristics between sons from different households explain between 40% and 70% of observed income persistence, with differing returns for these characteristics explaining the remaining gap. Further, detailed decompositions reveal significant heterogeneity in the role played by specific characteristics (e.g., education) across the income distribution.
Bibliography Citation
Richey, Jeremiah Alexander and Alicia Rosburg. "Decomposing Economic Mobility Transition Matrices." Journal of Applied Econometrics 33,1 (January/February 2018): 91-108.