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Source: Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Technical Report
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Armstrong, Terry R.
Chalupsky, Albert B.
McLaughlin, Donald H.
Dalldorf, Marie R.
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations
Final Report, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, 1988
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, Training Systems Division
Keyword(s): Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Data Quality/Consistency; Education, Guidance and Counseling; Occupations; Vocational Guidance

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) has been criticized as a high school vocational counseling tool since most validity data are based on criteria specific to military occupations. In an effort to overcome this criticism and encourage wider use of the ASVAB in high schools, this project validated Form 14 of the ASVAB on civilian occupations. The study was designed to use holding a job, rather than job performance, as the criterion. The ASVAB was administered to employees who had been holding a job in one of 12 different occupations that do not require a four year college degree. Analyses of these data were supplemented by existing data from the NLSY and by examining validity data from military occupations that are highly similar to some of the 12 civilian occupations. Results indicate that the ASVAB was able to detect differences among the types of individuals who were members of different occupations. Four significant dimensions of occupational differentiation are discussed. Other analyses yielded information on the interaction of gender, skills, and occupations on the relations between age and ASVAB scores.
Bibliography Citation
Armstrong, Terry R., Albert B. Chalupsky, Donald H. McLaughlin and Marie R. Dalldorf. "Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations." Final Report, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, 1988.
2. Claudy, John G.
Steel, Lauri
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Data
AFHRL Technical Report 90-29, Air Force Human Research Labortory, American Institute for Research, July 1990.
Also: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA225244
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, Training Systems Division
Keyword(s): Aptitude; Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB); Job Requirements; Job Satisfaction; Occupational Choice; Occupations; Tests and Testing

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a multiple-aptitude test battery used by all of the military services to determine the qualifications of candidates for enlistment and assign enlistees to military occupations. It is also administered annually to thousands of high school and college students, and represents a potentially important source of information for career guidance. The present effort examines relationships between ASVAB scores and actual career choices for a nationally representative sample of youth and young adults. Discriminate analyses were performed to assess the extent to which ASVAB scores could be used to differentiate individuals in different occupations or occupational groups. The ASVAB-based discriminant functions resulted in a significantly greater number of individuals being correctly classified than would be expected by chance. In particular, ASVAB scores were most effective in predicting occupational membership for jobs that involved higher, or lower, degrees of complexity of work with data. Additional analyses were performed to assess the extent to which ASVAB scores could differentiate individuals who were satisfied with their occupational choices. No pattern of significant relationships between ASVAB scores and job satisfaction was found. The results support the validity of the ASVAB for predicting membership in civilian occupations. Additional measures would be useful for extending the range of jobs for which membership can be effectively predicted. [NTIS AD-A225-244- 3-XAB]
Bibliography Citation
Claudy, John G. and Lauri Steel. "Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery: Validation for Civilian Occupations Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Data." AFHRL Technical Report 90-29, Air Force Human Research Labortory, American Institute for Research, July 1990.