Search Results

Source: Economica
Resulting in 7 citations.
1. Artz, Benjamin
Heywood, John S.
Performance Pay and Workplace Injury: Panel Evidence
Economica 82, s1 (December 2015): 1241-1260.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecca.12153/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Blue-Collar Jobs; Injuries, Workplace; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Performance pay

Using panel survey data, we show cross-sectional evidence of an elevated risk of workplace injury for those paid piece rates and bonuses. While consistent with Adam Smith's behavioural conjecture, this could simply reflect sorting across workers or firms. In response we successively control for a risk proxy, for worker fixed effects and for worker with employer match fixed effects. No previous examination has controlled for such fixed effects or examined US survey data. The estimates indicate that injury risk increases substantially when blue-collar (manual) workers become paid by piece rates and bonuses.
Bibliography Citation
Artz, Benjamin and John S. Heywood. "Performance Pay and Workplace Injury: Panel Evidence." Economica 82, s1 (December 2015): 1241-1260.
2. Farré, Lídia
Vella, Francis
The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and its Implications for Female Labour Force Participation
Economica 80, 318 (April 2013): 219-247.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecca.12008/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY79 Young Adult
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Attitudes; Gender Attitudes/Roles; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Labor Force Participation; Maternal Employment; Parental Influences

Using a sample of mother–child pairs from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we study the economics of cultural transmission regarding women's roles. We find that a mother's attitudes have a statistically significant effect on those of her children. Furthermore, we find a strong association between the attitudes of sons in their youth and their wives' labour supply as adults. For daughters, the association between their own attitudes and adult work outcomes is weaker and seems to operate through the educational channel. Our findings indicate that cultural transmission contributes to heterogeneity in the labour supply of women.
Bibliography Citation
Farré, Lídia and Francis Vella. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and its Implications for Female Labour Force Participation." Economica 80, 318 (April 2013): 219-247.
3. Heckman, James J.
Borjas, George J.
Does Unemployment Cause Future Unemployment? Definitions, Questions and Answers from a Continuous Time Model of Heterogeneity and State Dependence
Economica 47,187 (August 1980): 247-283.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2553150
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Heterogeneity; Job Search; Markov chain / Markov model; Mobility, Job; Research Methodology; Statistical Analysis; Unemployment; Work History

This paper presents statistical methods for testing for the presence of true state dependence. Methods used are based on extensions of existing models for continuous-time discrete-state Markov processes. For this paper a new model with general forms of state dependence is developed. Four main types of structural dependence are examined: Markov dependence, occurrence dependence, duration dependence, and lagged duration dependence.
Bibliography Citation
Heckman, James J. and George J. Borjas. "Does Unemployment Cause Future Unemployment? Definitions, Questions and Answers from a Continuous Time Model of Heterogeneity and State Dependence." Economica 47,187 (August 1980): 247-283.
4. Kosteas, Vasilios D.
Manufacturing Wages and Imports: Evidence from the NLSY
Economica 75,298 (May 2008): 259-279.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2007.00591.x/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Blue-Collar Jobs; Job Status; Wages; White Collar Jobs

This paper analyses the effect of imports on US manufacturing wages using the NLSY79 data-set, estimating differential impacts on blue-and white-collar wages. I find that rising imports put downward pressure on wages between 1979 and 1988. This correlation holds for both white- and blue-collar workers, with a somewhat stronger impact on the latter group. Evidence suggests that imports from low-wage countries are responsible for the negative relationship between imports and wages, but only for blue-collar wages. A one-percentage-point increase in the low-wage import share is associated with a 2.8% decline in blue-collar wages.
Bibliography Citation
Kosteas, Vasilios D. "Manufacturing Wages and Imports: Evidence from the NLSY." Economica 75,298 (May 2008): 259-279.
5. Mandal, Bidisha
Roe, Brian E.
Risk Tolerance among National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Participants: The Effects of Age and Cognitive Skills
Economica 81,323 (July 2014): 522-543.
Also: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecca.12088/abstract
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Cognitive Ability; Life Course; Risk-Taking

We analyse how age and cognitive skills are related to risk tolerance among respondents to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth between 1993 and 2006. Older individuals display lower risk tolerance than younger individuals, though as the panel ages from their early thirties to their mid-forties, differences in risk tolerance between the oldest and youngest individuals narrow, while panel-average risk tolerance declines. In contrast to other studies, we find that cognitive skill measured during respondents' teenage years is related to risk tolerance in a non-linear fashion, where respondents with the lowest and highest skills reveal the greatest risk tolerance.
Bibliography Citation
Mandal, Bidisha and Brian E. Roe. "Risk Tolerance among National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Participants: The Effects of Age and Cognitive Skills." Economica 81,323 (July 2014): 522-543.
6. Ofek, Haim
Santos, Fredricka P.
The Economic Attainment of Women: A Comparative Analysis of the Parental Role
Economica 46 (November 1979): 427-433.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2553681
Cohort(s): Young Women
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Earnings; Fathers, Influence; Husbands, Income; Mothers, Education; Schooling

This study provides a framework for estimating the differential impact of a woman's mother and father on marriage and work. Using own earnings and husband's earnings as available approximations for these two aspects of feminine success, the relative effects of the parents are estimated. In regard to schooling and husband's income, evidence shows that women are more strongly influenced by their mothers' education than their fathers'; however, the reverse is true for daughters' earning capacity.
Bibliography Citation
Ofek, Haim and Fredricka P. Santos. "The Economic Attainment of Women: A Comparative Analysis of the Parental Role." Economica 46 (November 1979): 427-433.
7. Parsons, Donald O.
The Male Labor Force Participation Decision: Health, Reported Health, and Economic Incentives
Economica 49,193 (February 1982): 81-91.
Also: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2553527
Cohort(s): Older Men
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing, Inc. => Wiley Online
Keyword(s): Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Self-Reporting; Social Security; Unemployment; Welfare

In this study, a recursive model of non-participation and self-rated health is estimated. Economic incentive variables strongly influence the participation decision and health assessment. In addition, the magnitude of bias in labor supply models that use self-rate health is estimated.
Bibliography Citation
Parsons, Donald O. "The Male Labor Force Participation Decision: Health, Reported Health, and Economic Incentives." Economica 49,193 (February 1982): 81-91.