Search Results

Source: Industrial Relations Research Association
Resulting in 6 citations.
1. Andrisani, Paul J.
Parnes, Herbert S.
Commitment to the Work Ethic and Success in the Labor Market: A Review of Research Findings
In: The Work Ethic-A Critical Analysis. J. Barbash, et al., eds. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1983
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; Earnings; Intrinsic/Extrinsic Rewards; Job Satisfaction; Life Cycle Research; Work Attachment; Work Attitudes; Work Ethic; Work Experience

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This survey of studies focuses on the evidence from the NLSY and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) of a link between the strength of the work ethic and productivity. The literature shows that the strength of individuals' commitment to the work ethic affects various measures of their success in the labor market, even as favorable labor market experiences have feedback effects on the extent to which individuals are committed to the work ethic. The magnitude and precise character of the reciprocal relationships described are difficult to ascertain, however, since many studies have used only limited facets of what might be regarded as a complete measure of strength of the work ethic. Despite such limitations, these research findings are significant for public policy.
Bibliography Citation
Andrisani, Paul J. and Herbert S. Parnes. "Commitment to the Work Ethic and Success in the Labor Market: A Review of Research Findings" In: The Work Ethic-A Critical Analysis. J. Barbash, et al., eds. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1983
2. Borus, Michael E.
Parnes, Herbert S.
Sandell, Steven H.
Seidman, Bert
Older Worker
Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1988
Cohort(s): Mature Women, Older Men
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Age and Ageing; Gender Differences; Government Regulation; Health/Health Status/SF-12 Scale; Labor Force Participation; Legislation; Pensions; Retirement

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This compendium reviews the current state of knowledge about the status, characteristics, and problems of older workers. Drawing upon research from a variety of data sources including the NLS, articles in this book detail the labor market characteristics of older workers, the particular dilemmas facing older women workers, the impact of age and health on job performance, factors impacting the decision to retire, and the challenges to our nation in maintaining an active, well trained older work force.
Bibliography Citation
Borus, Michael E., Herbert S. Parnes, Steven H. Sandell and Bert Seidman. Older Worker. Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1988.
3. McCall, Brian P.
An Empirical Analysis of Youth Joblessness Durations
Presented: Madison, WI, Industrial Relations Research Association Annual Meeting, 1990
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Gender Differences; Labor Force Participation; Racial Differences; Unemployment; Unemployment Duration; Unemployment, Youth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the determinants of the length of joblessness durations for youth leaving their first job. Estimates are derived from a log-normal duration model. Utilizing the NLSY 1979-1985 Work history data, it was found that longer joblessness durations were experienced by black youth and less educated youth. Some evidence was found that increased job experience reduced the duration of joblessness for women.
Bibliography Citation
McCall, Brian P. "An Empirical Analysis of Youth Joblessness Durations." Presented: Madison, WI, Industrial Relations Research Association Annual Meeting, 1990.
4. Rau, Barbara L.
Arronte, Melissa
Preemployment Consequences of Job Search and Likelihood of Offer Acceptance
Presented: New Orleans, LA, Industrial Relations Research Association of the Forty-Ninth Annual Meeting, January 1997. IRRA Proceedings (1997): 379.
Also: http://lera.press.illinois.edu/IRRA_Proceedings_1997.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Employment; Job Search; Occupational Choice; Occupational Investment

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Data from 380 unemployed males participating in the 1986 National Longitudinal Youth Survey were used to examine preemployment consequences of job search and offer acceptances. Though informal methods are generally more likely to result in employment, these methods did not generate more offers or higher salary offers than formal methods, even controlling for individual, occupational, and labor market characteristics. The likelihood of accepting the only offer received was significantly greater for job seekers using prescreening methods, even controlling for the size of the job offer. This was not true, however, among job seekers receiving more than one offer.
Bibliography Citation
Rau, Barbara L. and Melissa Arronte. "Preemployment Consequences of Job Search and Likelihood of Offer Acceptance." Presented: New Orleans, LA, Industrial Relations Research Association of the Forty-Ninth Annual Meeting, January 1997. IRRA Proceedings (1997): 379.
5. Rosenberg, Sam
Racial Differences in Younger Male Occupational Mobility over the Business Cycle, 1966-1975
Presented: New York NY, Industrial Relations Research Association Annual Meeting, December 1985. IRRA Proceedings (1986): 391-399.
Also: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED286969.pdf
Cohort(s): Young Men
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Business Cycles; Mobility; Mobility, Occupational; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This paper examines the effects of cyclical fluctuations during 1966-1975 on the occupational mobility of younger black and white male workers. Blacks were more likely to be found at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy than were whites in 1966, 1969, and 1975. Both groups moved up the occupational structure over the time period. However, whites beginning in the same occupation as blacks generally improved their occupational standing more than did blacks.
Bibliography Citation
Rosenberg, Sam. "Racial Differences in Younger Male Occupational Mobility over the Business Cycle, 1966-1975." Presented: New York NY, Industrial Relations Research Association Annual Meeting, December 1985. IRRA Proceedings (1986): 391-399.
6. Scott, Marc M.
Glauber, Rebecca
Mapping Careers in the Low-Wage Labor Market
Presented: San Diego, CA, Industrial Relations and Research Association Meetings, January 2004
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Industrial Relations Research Association ==> LERA
Keyword(s): Career Patterns; Educational Attainment; Exits; Labor Market Outcomes; Skills; Training; Wages, Youth

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Using over twenty years of data on the careers of young workers represented in the NLSY, we identify workers who are stuck in low-wage, dead-end jobs over the long run. We contrast these career paths to the careers of individuals with similar backgrounds and skills who managed to secure careers with more growth potential. We characterize these more and less successful trajectories in terms of the sequencing of industries and occupations over time. We then attempt to classify or cluster similar career paths, where similarity is judged primarily on the patterning of industry and occupation over time. Other factors that will be used to characterize these histories include the amount of job changing, unemployment, and exits from the labor force each path contains, as well as educational attainment and training. This analysis will provide us, for the first time, with a concrete mapping of typical career paths in the low-wage labor market, a much needed starting point for informed policy discussion around building career ladders ?Mapping Careers in the Low-Wage Labor Market?
Bibliography Citation
Scott, Marc M. and Rebecca Glauber. "Mapping Careers in the Low-Wage Labor Market." Presented: San Diego, CA, Industrial Relations and Research Association Meetings, January 2004.