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Author: Corak, Miles
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Corak, Miles
Generational Income Mobility in North America and Europe
Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, November 2004
Cohort(s): Older Men, Young Men
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Keyword(s): Cross-national Analysis; Earnings; German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP); Germany, German; Intergenerational Patterns/Transmission; Mobility; Mobility, Economic; NCDS - National Child Development Study (British); Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID); Poverty; Variables, Instrumental

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Labour markets in North America and Europe have changed tremendously in the face of increased globalization and technical progress, raising important challenges for policy makers concerned with equality of opportunity. This book examines the influence of both changes in income inequality and of social policies on the degree to which economic advantage is passed on between parents and children in the rich countries. Standard theoretical models of generational dynamics are extended to examine generational income and earnings mobility over time and across space. Twenty contributors from North America and Europe offer comparable estimates of the degree of mobility, how it has changed through time, and the impact of government policy. In so doing, they extend the analytical tool kit used in the study of generational mobility, and offer insights for not only the conduct of future research but also directions for policies dealing with equality of opportunity and child poverty.

1. Introduction M. Corak; 2. A model of intergenerational mobility variation over time and place G. Solon; 3. Equal opportunity and intergenerational mobility: going beyond intergenerational income transition matrices John E. Roemer; 4. Intergenerational mobility for whom? The experience of high and low earning sons in international perspective N. Grawe; 5. Trends in the intergenerational economic mobility of sons and daughters in the United States S. Mayer and L. Lopoo; 6. Changes in intergenerational mobility in Britain J. Blanden, A. Goodman, P. Gregg and S. Machin; 7. Intergenerational mobility in Britain: new evidence from the British household panel survey J. Ermisch and M. Francesconi; 8. Nonlinear patterns of intergenerational mobility in Germany and the United States K. Couch and D. Lillard; 9. Family structure and labour market success A. Björklund, E. Österbacka, M. Jäntti, O. Raaum and T. Eriksson; 10. New evidence on the intergenerational correlations in welfare participation M. Page; 11. Intergenerational influences on the receipt of unemployment insurance in Canada and Sweden M. Corak, B. Gustafsson and T. Österberg; 12. Unequal opportunities and the mechanisms of social inheritance G. Esping-Andersen; Conclusion.

Bibliography Citation
Corak, Miles. Generational Income Mobility in North America and Europe. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, November 2004.
2. Corak, Miles
Curtis, Lori
Phipps, Shelley
Economic Mobility, Family Background, and the Well-Being of Children in the United States and Canada
IZA Discussion Paper Series No. 4814, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), March 2010.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79
Publisher: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Keyword(s): Canada, Canadian; Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY); Children, Well-Being; Cross-national Analysis; Current Population Survey (CPS) / CPS-Fertility Supplement; Family Background and Culture; Family Income; Mobility, Economic; National Survey of American Families (NSAF); Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID); The International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMMS)

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

This comparative study of the relationship between family economic background and adult outcomes in the United States and Canada addresses three questions. First, is there something to explain? We suggest that the existing literature finds that there are significant differences in the degree of intergenerational economic mobility between these two countries, relative mobility being lower in the United States. This is the result of lower mobility at the very top and the very bottom of the earnings distribution. Second, does this reflect different underlying values of the citizens in these countries? Findings from comparable public opinion polls suggest that this is not the case. The citizens of both countries have a similar understanding of a successful life, one that is rooted in individual aspirations and freedom. They also have similar views on how these goals should be attained, but with one important exception: Americans differ in that they are more likely to see the State hindering rather than helping the attainment of these goals. Finally, how do the investments these countries make in the future of their children through the family, the labour market, and public policy actually differ? Using a number of representative household surveys we find that the configuration of all three sources of investment and support for children differs significantly, disadvantaged American children living in much more challenging circumstances, and the role of public policy not as strong in determining outcomes.
Bibliography Citation
Corak, Miles, Lori Curtis and Shelley Phipps. "Economic Mobility, Family Background, and the Well-Being of Children in the United States and Canada." IZA Discussion Paper Series No. 4814, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), March 2010.