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Author: Gero, Krisztina
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Gero, Krisztina
Kim, Daniel
Prospective Associations between US State-level Corruption and Individual-level Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Middle-aged Americans: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youths 1979
International Journal of Public Health published online (13 October 2020): DOI: 10.1007/s00038-020-01497-x.
Also: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00038-020-01497-x
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: Springer
Keyword(s): Crime; Geocoded Data; Health Factors; Health, Chronic Conditions; State-Level Data/Policy

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

Objectives: To estimate the associations between US state-level corruption and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the nation.

Methods: We used a US nationally-representative sample of middle-aged adults from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youths 1979 and data from the Corruption in America Survey to estimate the associations between state-level illegal (private gains) corruption and legal (political gains) corruption in 2013 and individual-level risks of incident diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and depression between 2014 and 2016.

Results: Medium and higher levels of illegal corruption were associated with odds ratios (ORs) of 1.75 (95% CI 1.06-2.88) for incident diabetes and 1.70 (95% CI 1.15-2.51) for incident hypertension, respectively. Furthermore, a higher level of legal corruption was associated with ORs of 1.84 (95% CI 1.08-3.13) for diabetes and 1.58 (95% CI 1.05-2.38) for hypertension. No consistent associations were observed for obesity or depression.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that higher levels of corruption contribute to increased risks of developing diabetes and hypertension. Investing resources into fighting corruption may be means to reduce the national burden of cardiovascular disease.

Bibliography Citation
Gero, Krisztina and Daniel Kim. "Prospective Associations between US State-level Corruption and Individual-level Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Middle-aged Americans: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youths 1979." International Journal of Public Health published online (13 October 2020): DOI: 10.1007/s00038-020-01497-x.