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Author: Warren, Patricia Y.
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Widdowson, Alex O.
Jacobsen, Wade C.
Siennick, Sonja E.
Warren, Patricia Y.
Together Despite the Odds: Explaining Racial and Ethnic Heterogeneity in Union Dissolution after Incarceration
Criminology 58,1 (February 2020): 129-155.
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: American Society of Criminology
Keyword(s): Cohabitation; Ethnic Differences; Incarceration/Jail; Marital Dissolution; Marriage; Racial Differences

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

The U.S. incarceration rate rose dramatically over the past 45 years, increasing the number of marriages and cohabiting unions disrupted by a jail or prison stay. But as some have pointed out, not all unions dissolve as a result of incarceration, and there seems to be racial-ethnic variation in this tendency, with Blacks displaying higher rates of dissolution than Whites and Hispanics. Yet it is unclear what explains racial–ethnic differences in union dissolution among the incarcerated. Drawing on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), we examine why racial-ethnic differences in union dissolution exist among a sample of individuals who had a marital or a cohabiting union interrupted by an incarceration spell. In doing so, we draw on social exchange theory and structural and cultural theories to suggest that racial-ethnic disparities in union dissolution are explained by differential exposure to protective relationship characteristics. The results of Cox hazard models reveal that Blacks have significantly higher hazards of union dissolution than do Whites and Hispanics. These results also indicate that being married, having a child together, having full‐time employment, a longer union duration, and a shorter incarceration spell may protect against dissolution and that these factors account, in part, for the greater risk of dissolution among Blacks relative to Whites and Hispanics.
Bibliography Citation
Widdowson, Alex O., Wade C. Jacobsen, Sonja E. Siennick and Patricia Y. Warren. "Together Despite the Odds: Explaining Racial and Ethnic Heterogeneity in Union Dissolution after Incarceration." Criminology 58,1 (February 2020): 129-155.