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Author: Zisman, Chen
Resulting in 2 citations.
1. Zisman, Chen
Ganzach, Yoav
In a Representative Sample Grit Has a Negligible Effect on Educational and Economic Success Compared to Intelligence
Social Psychological and Personality Science published online (14 July 2020): DOI: 10.1177/1948550620920531.
Also: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1948550620920531
Cohort(s): NLSY97
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Intelligence; Personality/Big Five Factor Model or Traits; Wages

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We compare the relative contribution of grit and intelligence to educational and job-market success in a representative sample of the American population. We find that, in terms of ΔR 2, intelligence contributes 48-90 times more than grit to educational success and 13 times more to job-market success. Conscientiousness also contributes to success more than grit but only twice as much. We show that the reason our results differ from those of previous studies which showed that grit has a stronger effect on success is that these previous studies used nonrepresentative samples that were range restricted on intelligence. Our findings suggest that although grit has some effect on success, it is negligible compared to intelligence and perhaps also to other traditional predictors of success.
Bibliography Citation
Zisman, Chen and Yoav Ganzach. "In a Representative Sample Grit Has a Negligible Effect on Educational and Economic Success Compared to Intelligence." Social Psychological and Personality Science published online (14 July 2020): DOI: 10.1177/1948550620920531.
2. Zisman, Chen
Ganzach, Yoav
The Claim that Personality Is More Important than Intelligence in Predicting Important Life Outcomes Has Been Greatly Exaggerated
Intelligence 92 (May-June 2022): 101631.
Also: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289622000125
Cohort(s): NLSY79, NLSY97
Publisher: Elsevier
Keyword(s): Cross-national Analysis; Educational Attainment; Germany, German; Grade Point Average (GPA)/Grades; Intelligence; Mid-Life in the United States (MIDUS); National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth); Personality/Big Five Factor Model or Traits; Wages; Wisconsin Longitudinal Study/H.S. Panel Study (WLS)

We conduct a replication of Borghans, Golsteyn, Heckman and Humphries (PNAS, 2016) who suggested that personality is more important than intelligence in predicting important life outcomes. We focus on the prediction of educational (educational attainment, GPA) and occupational (pay) success, and analyze two of the databases that BGHH used (the NLSY79, n = 5594 and the MIDUS, n = 2240) as well as four additional databases, (the NLSY97, n = 2962, the WLS, n = 7646, the PIAAC, n = 3605 and the ADD health, n = 3553; all databases are American except of the PIAAC which is German). We found that for educational attainment the average R2 of intelligence was .232 whereas for personality it was .053. For GPA it was .229 and .024, respectively and for pay it was .080 and .040, respectively.
Bibliography Citation
Zisman, Chen and Yoav Ganzach. "The Claim that Personality Is More Important than Intelligence in Predicting Important Life Outcomes Has Been Greatly Exaggerated." Intelligence 92 (May-June 2022): 101631.