Search Results

Source: Human Resources Abstracts
Resulting in 1 citation.
1. Levine, Phillip B.
Zimmerman, David J.
Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development
Human Resources Abstracts 35,4 (December 2000).
Also: JCPR Working Paper No. 130, January 2000.
Cohort(s): Children of the NLSY79, NLSY79
Publisher: Sage Publications
Keyword(s): Behavior Problems Index (BPI); Children, Poverty; Hispanics; Household Income; Modeling, Fixed Effects; Mothers, Income; Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Math); Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT- Reading); Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT); Poverty; Siblings; Variables, Instrumental; Welfare

Permission to reprint the abstract has not been received from the publisher.

We examine the extent to which children are exposed to the welfare system through their mother's receipt of benefits and its impact on several developmental outcomes. Using data from the matched mother-child file from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), we find that children's welfare exposure is substantial. By age 10, over one-third of all children will have lived in a welfare household; black, non-Hispanic children face a much higher rate of exposure. Simple correlations suggest a strong negative relationship between maternal welfare receipt and children's outcomes. In this paper, we implement three alternative strategies (instrumental variables, sibling difference, and child fixed-effects models) designed to identify whether this correlation can be attributed to the mother's welfare receipt directly or to other characteristics of mothers who receive welfare, regardless of whether those characteristics are observable evidence of any causal link between maternal welfare receipt and children's developmental outcomes.
Bibliography Citation
Levine, Phillip B. and David J. Zimmerman. "Children's Welfare Exposure and Subsequent Development." Human Resources Abstracts 35,4 (December 2000).