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Source: Rural Development Perspectives
Resulting in 4 citations.
1. Blackwell, Debra L.
McLaughlin, Diane K.
Do Rural Youth Attain Their Educational Goals?
Rural Development Perspectives 13,3 (April 1999): 37-44.
Also: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/rdp/rdp1098/rdp1098e.pdf
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Educational Attainment; Family Background; Gender Differences; Rural Youth; School Characteristics/Rating/Safety; Schooling

Analyzes factors related to educational attainment by rural youth, including family background, school characteristics, and extracurricular activities, by sex; based on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979-90; US.
Bibliography Citation
Blackwell, Debra L. and Diane K. McLaughlin. "Do Rural Youth Attain Their Educational Goals?" Rural Development Perspectives 13,3 (April 1999): 37-44.
2. Cromartie, John B.
Leaving the Countryside: Young Adults Follow Complex Migration Patterns
Rural Development Perspectives 8,2 (February 1993): 22-27
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Income; Migration; Racial Differences; Rural/Urban Differences

A longitudinal survey, conducted 1979-88, indicates that young adults leaving nonmetro areas followed complex migration patterns normally involving multiple moves, including 15% who returned from cities to counties of origin. Rural outmigration rates and patterns differed by race and ethnicity, income, and geographic proximity to urban areas. (Author/SV)
Bibliography Citation
Cromartie, John B. "Leaving the Countryside: Young Adults Follow Complex Migration Patterns." Rural Development Perspectives 8,2 (February 1993): 22-27.
3. Economic Research Service, Doa
Rural Education and Training
Rural Development Perspectives 10,3 (June 1995)
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): Current Population Survey (CPS) / CPS-Fertility Supplement; Education, Secondary; Higher Education; Human Capital; Job Skills; Job Training; Rural Areas; Rural Youth; Rural/Urban Differences; Rural/Urban Migration; Transfers, Skill

Department of Agriculture. This special theme issue reports key results from a comprehensive assessment of skill development among the rural workforce and of rural education and job training in rural areas. This comprehensive assessment had three goals: to develop better measures of rural skills than were previously available, to identify human capital initiatives that contribute to rural economic development, and to develop a fuller understanding of barriers that prevent rural individuals from obtaining needed job skills. Six of the eight articles in this issue report extensive statistical analyses of major government surveys of households, students, and schools. These surveys include the 1987-88 Schools and Staffing Survey, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey, and job training supplements to Current Population Surveys. Across the articles, major themes emerge: (1) t he rural skill development system is a complex composite of troubling weaknesses and surprising strengths; (2) rural schools are more effective than expected based on their resources; and (3) many rural areas are trapped in a vicious circle, in which low worker skills and low demand for high- skilled workers are mutually reinforcing. Articles are: (1) "Introduction to Special Issue on Rural Skills" (Paul L. Swaim); (2) "Rural Schools: Fewer Highly Trained Teachers and Special Programs, but Better Learning Environment" (Dale Ballou, Michael Podgursky); (3) "Nonmetro Student Achievement on Par with Metro" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg, Ruy A. Teixeira); (4) "More Rural Students Are Graduating from High School, but a Serious Dropout Problem Remains" (Kathleen M. Paasch, Paul L. Swaim); (5) "Going Away to College and Wider Urban Job Opportunities Take Highly Educated Youth Away from Rural Areas" (Robert M. Gibbs); (6) "Workers with Higher Literacy Skills Not As WellRewarded in Rural Areas" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg, Paul L. Swaim, Ruy A. Teixeira); (7) "Job Training Lags for Rural Workers" (Paul L. Swaim); and (8) "More Metro than Nonmetro Students Have Access to Computers, but Their Rates of Usage Are Similar" (Elizabeth J. Greenberg). Articles contain references, descriptions of data sources and methodology used, and numerous data tables and figures. (SV)
Bibliography Citation
Economic Research Service, Doa. "Rural Education and Training." Rural Development Perspectives 10,3 (June 1995).
4. Gibbs, Robert M.
Going Away to College and Wider Urban Job Opportunities Take Highly Educated Youth Away from Rural Areas
Rural Development Perspectives 10,3 (June 1995): 35-44
Cohort(s): NLSY79
Publisher: U.S. Department of Labor
Keyword(s): College Education; College Enrollment; College Graduates; Educational Attainment; Family Influences; High School Completion/Graduates; Higher Education; Occupational Status; Residence; Rural Youth; Rural/Urban Differences; Rural/Urban Migration

Rural high school graduates are less likely to graduate from college than their urban counterparts, mostly because they are less likely to attend college. Half of rural college attendees leave home and do not return by age 25. Those that do return are drawn largely by home ties and intervening life choices rather than local job opportunities. (Author/SV)
Bibliography Citation
Gibbs, Robert M. "Going Away to College and Wider Urban Job Opportunities Take Highly Educated Youth Away from Rural Areas." Rural Development Perspectives 10,3 (June 1995): 35-44.